Judge dismisses slavery lawsuit (01/27/04)
[Excerpted from the AP story as printed in the
Washington Times 01/27/04]
"CHICAGO -- A federal judge
yesterday dismissed a lawsuit brought by descendants of slaves against corporations they
contend profited from slavery, saying the plaintiffs had established no clear link to the
companies they targeted. ...
| " 'Plaintiffs'
attempt to bring these claims more than a century after the end of the Civil War and the
formal abolition of slavery fails,' U.S. District Judge Charles R. Norgle said.
"He said the plaintiffs' claims 'are beyond the constitutional authority of this
court' and that the lawsuit claimed no specific connection between the plaintiffs and the
companies named as defendants. ...
"The lawsuit was first filed in U.S. District Court in New York in 2002 and later
moved to Chicago.
|Columnist David Horowitz has placed an
ad opposing reparations for slavery in a number of college and city papers. See Horowitz Stories, below.
See also below: Reparations Clangor by
names companies such as the Lehman Brothers brokerage firm, Aetna Insurance and R.J.
Reynolds Tobacco, saying they or their corporate ancestors made money off slavery. ...
"Andrew McGaan, an attorney representing Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., one of
the defendants, said he was 'not surprised at all that the court decided to dismiss.'
"He said the judge had agreed 'with what appears to be every ground that we raised.'
"... [District Court Judge Norgle] said long-standing doctrine in matters involving
political questions 'bars the court from deciding the issue of slavery reparations, an
issue that has been historically and constitutionally committed to the legislative and
executive branches of our government'
"As for the timing, he said, the plaintiffs had failed to show how the wrongs cited
in the lawsuit fall within the statute of limitations. ..."
Last known link:
Last known alternate links to similar reprints of the AP story:
[From Washington Times Commentary by Walter
Williams Sunday, June 14, 2001]
"Today, there are increasing numbers of black professionals
and scholars advocating reparations for slavery.
"Slavery was an abomination. There´s no argument,
based on morality, that can justify slavery and its attendant evils. Indeed, were
it possible, slave traders and slave owners should be forced to make reparations to those
whom they enslaved. A similar case cannot be made for reparation payments to slave
Williams writes that the main argument for "reparations", known as the
"vestiges of slavery" argument, is frequently offered as an explanation of
"the pathology seen in some black neighborhoods" and that the
"vestiges" argument "is simply nonsense when you think about it."
Williams goes on: "Illegitimacy among blacks today is
70 percent. Only 41 percent of black males 15 years and older are married, and only
36 percent of black children live in two-parent families. These and other
indicators of family instability and its accompanying socioeconomic factors such as high
crime, welfare dependency and poor educational achievement is claimed to be the legacy and
vestiges of slavery, for which black Americans are due reparations."
Williams examines this assumption, below:
- "In 1940 [well before the Civil Rights Act,
and well before Lyndon Johnson's "War on Poverty"], illegitimacy among blacks
was 19 percent. From 1890 to 1940, blacks had a marriage rate slightly higher than
whites. As of 1950, 64 percent black males 15 years and older were married, compared
to today´s 41 percent.
- "In Philadelphia, in 1880, two-parent family
structure was: black (75.2 percent), Irish (82.2 percent), German (84.5 percent) and
native white Americans (73.1 percent). In other large cities such as Detroit, New York and
Cleveland, we find roughly the same numbers.
- "According to one study of black families
(Herbert G. Gutman, "The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925"),
"Five out of six children under the age of 6 lived with both parents."
- "That study also found that, in Harlem
between 1905 and 1925, only 3 percent of all families were headed by a woman under 30, and
85 percent of black children lived in two-parent families."
Author Williams then writes: "The question raised by these historical facts
is: If what we see today in many black neighborhoods, as claimed by reparation
advocates, are the vestiges and legacies of slavery, how come that social pathology
wasn´t much worse when blacks were just two or three generations out of slavery [as cited
Williams writes: "I doubt whether the reparations gang
could develop a coherent theory" explaining why black crime rates today are so much
higher, and the rates of two-parent black families is so much lower 35 years after
the Civil Rights Act and 35 years after Lyndon Johnson's War on
Poverty. Williams also notes that the War on Poverty, and all it's federally
mandated payments, has to date cost the American taxpayer over $6 trillion dollars.
Writer Williams concludes by noting that reparations advocates are demanding that these
supposedly "compensatory" funds be put into a large account which they (the
reparations advocates) will disburse. Of this, Williams says: "For me,
that has just as much appeal as the Rev. Leroy´s call for people to send their money to
him and he´ll send it to God."
[Last known link: http://www.washtimes.com/commentary/20010614-97533980.htm]
Linda Chavez (05/29/01)
[Linda Chavez is the president of the Center for
Equal Opportunity, and was recently denied the job of George W. Bushs Secretary of
Labor because she helped an immigrant woman and her family. She is a frequent commentator
on issues such as racial preferences, especially in education.]
"If it were possible to wipe out the legacy of slavery
by writing a big, fat check, I'd be all for it. ... Imagine, a one-time payment that would
solve family breakdown, poverty and homicide among young, black males. ... It's just more
of the same liberal cure-all: Let government redistribute money from one group to try to
solve the problems of another.
"... the real impetus behind the reparations campaign is the grievance industry --
that group of professional guilt-mongers who hope to enrich themselves by claiming to
represent the downtrodden.
"... 140,000 Union soldiers died to expiate slavery, so to suggest that no white
Americans ever suffered for the sins of slavery is simply wrong.
"... Paying the descendants of slaves a monetary settlement today, more than 135
years after slavery ended, will do nothing. Nor is it possible to determine who should
receive payments and who should pay them. Some African Americans are descended from
persons who came to the United States long after slavery was abolished, including the
thousands of Haitians, Dominicans and other Caribbean immigrants of the last 30 years.
These person's ancestors may have been slaves in their native land, but should the United
States have to pay for the sins of all slave-owning nations?
"More importantly, why should Americans whose ancestors
did not benefit from slavery, or who may not even have lived in the United States at the
time slavery existed, have to pay for these sins? Indeed it is a new variation on
punishing the sons for the sins of the fathers to insist that all whites who live in the
United States today must compensate all blacks who happen to live here now. Most whites
are not descended from slave-owners. Nor are they the beneficiaries of ill-begotten gains
[Last known link: http://www.washtimes.com/commentary/chavez.htm]
S.F. State newspaper won't run ad on reparations (03/28/01)
"The student editorial board had voted earlier this month to run it and donate the
$775 fee to charity. ... In an about-face, a San Francisco college newspaper will
not run an ad denouncing reparations for slavery. Instead, the San Francisco State
University student paper will run articles and editorials examining reparations, free
speech and political correctness.
"Golden Gate Xpress editors voted 14-7 Monday to reject the advertisement by
columnist David Horowitz. Horowitz's ad argues, among other things, that no one group is
responsible for slavery and that blacks should be grateful that Americans warred to end
the slave trade. This week's vote came after weeks of debates.
"Editors were mindful of the uproar the ad caused on other college campuses,
including protesters storming newsrooms at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and
stealing papers from news racks at Brown University. At UC Berkeley, the editor recently
apologized for running the ad. Earlier this month, someone stole all newspaper ads from a
San Francisco State editor's mailbox, leaving behind a vague threat and calling the staff
racist. Horowitz, considered a political provocateur, sent the ad to 52 college campuses
nationwide; at least 27 have rejected it.
"I don't feel it's censorship not to run the ad. It's censorship if we ignore
what he's saying," said Niema Quiet, the paper's features editor. Nic
Roethlisberger, a student reporter who couldn't vote on the issue, accused editors of
bowing to public pressure. "People are cowering. They're afraid of being
labeled" racists, he said...." (Based on the 3/28/01 story by Kim Vo of
the San Jose Mercury News)
[Last known link http://www.contracostatimes.com/news/education/stories/sjslavead_20010328.htm
Newspaper Reprinted Over Student Protest (03/18/01)
Press via Washington Post]
BOSTON, March 17 -- "A day
late, Friday's edition of Brown University's student newspaper made it to newsstands today
under the protection of campus police because of protests over an advertisement.
"The paid ad denouncing reparations for slavery ran once, on Tuesday, in the Brown
Daily Herald. A coalition of mostly minority student organizations seized the newspaper's
press run on Friday to show their anger.
Brown Daily Herald editor Patrick Moos said "It's not our place to decide which
political views can be published in the paper. We want to publish everyone's
"In a statement today, Brown interim president Sheila Blumstein backed the paper's
decision to run the ad and said the theft would be investigated. She urged students to
avoid a greater confrontation.
"The full-page ad is headlined "Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery Is a Bad
Idea and Racist Too."
"At a meeting on Thursday with the student coalition, the [Brown University] paper's
management said it would not give the groups a free page of advertising as demanded, and
it refused a request to donate to a campus minority fund the $725 paid by Horowitz.
"The next day, angry students began removing the free paper from newsstands. They
also went to the newspaper's office to try to take the remaining 100 copies of the paper
but were rebuffed. That prompted the paper to seek help from police in distributing
reprinted editions of the paper today."
(Excerpted from the AP
story in the Washington Post Sunday, March 18, 2001; Page A08.)
[Last known link: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A20683-2001Mar17.html
Coalition seizes nearly 4,000
copies of Herald (posted 03/17/01)
After the Brown University Daily Herald refused to meet its demands, pro-quota coalition
takes nearly every copy on campus -- By Andy Golodny Herald Staff Writer
[BREAKING NEWS] "A coalition of student groups stole
nearly 4,000 copies of The Brown Daily Herald from its campus distribution points Friday
afternoon. In place of the newspaper was a statement from the coalition.
The quota-coalition's statement read as follows: "We are using this action as
an opportunity to show our community at Brown that our newspaper is not accountable to its
supposed constituents," the flier read. "It is a newspaper run by
Brown-student opportunists and careerists who are completely unaccountable to the
University's aims and its student body."
"This is the worst possible
thing the coalition could have done, both to themselves and to free discourse at the
University," said Carl Takei '02, president of the Brown ACLU. "I am saddened
and very upset with their actions."
"Stealing the paper isn't conducive to a constructive dialogue, which is what we need
right now," said Megan Zwiebel '03, secretary of the Brown ACLU. The seizure of
the newspapers came in response to a controversial advertisement The Herald printed in its
March 13 issue. The ad was purchased by David Horowitz, the president of the
conservative Center for the Study of Popular Culture and the author of "Hating
Whitey." The ad lists 10 reasons why Horowitz feels the payment of monetary
reparations for slavery is a bad idea. Horowitz sent the ad to 46 other college
newspapers, and his campaign has received national press in the Wall Street Journal and
the Washington Post, among others."
[Last known link: http://www.browndailyherald.com/stories.cfm?S=0&ID=4192]
Student group coalition
protests decision to publish Horowitz ad (posted
By Andy Golodny Herald Staff Writer -- "A coalition of some 15 campus groups met with
editors and business staff of The Brown Daily Herald Thursday night to demand the
newspaper compensate them for publishing a controversial advertisement. The meeting came
after some 60 students visited The Herald's offices Wednesday night to demand to speak
with The Herald's leadership. Thursday night's meeting was called to discuss the concerns
members of the coalition had with The Herald's decision to run an advertisement opposing
[Last known link: http://www.browndailyherald.com/stories.cfm?S=2&ID=4172]
Protest targets ad in Brown
University newspaper (posted 03/17/01)
5.34 a.m. ET (1329 GMT) March 17, 2001 BOSTON (AP) -- "Brown University
students stole the entire press run of an issue of the Brown Daily Herald in an apparent
protest of an ad that appeared in an earlier issue denouncing reparations for slavery.
Herald staff members Thursday physically restrained a mob of students who tried to force
their way into the newspaper's office and destroy the remaining 100 copies of the paper
that carried the ad.
The newspaper issued a statement Thursday about its actions.
"We understand that the advertisement contains content that some may find
disconcerting,'' the statement said. "But we will not apologize for printing a
legitimate advertisement that may offend some of our readership.''
there's a fine line between free
speech and being disrespectful and distasteful, and the Brown Daily Herald clearly crossed
the line,'' sophomore Clement Tsao told the Globe. The newspaper's staff disagreed.
It issued a statement on Friday calling the seizure of the newspapers "an
unacceptable attempt to silence our voice,'' and added that "we will not censor
advertisements because of their politics, which is what we believe our critics wish us to
[Last known link: http://www.foxnews.com/national/0317/d_ap_0317_26.sml]
Protest rips ad in
Brown paper (posted 03/17/01)
By Shannon Tan, Globe Correspondent, 3/17/2001 PROVIDENCE -- "Angry students stole
the entire press run of yesterday's Brown Daily Herald, escalating a fiery debate over the
student daily's publication on Tuesday of an advertisement denouncing reparations for
African-Americans. Herald staffers physically restrained a mob of students who tried to
force their way into the daily's newsroom to destroy the remaining 100 copies of
yesterday's paper. As the protesters pounded on the
barricaded door, demanding a formal apology and financial amends, the student journalists
refused to yield. The Herald, citing free-speech principles, this week became the first
Ivy League paper to print the ad from controversial conservative theorist David Horowitz -
which had been rejected by the Columbia Daily Spectator and the Harvard Crimson, as well
as UMass-Amherst's Massachusetts Daily Collegian. Brown, with a reputation as one of the
most liberal campuses in the country, is suddenly the scene of a raucous dispute over what
''liberal'' really means."
[Last known link: http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/076/nation/Protest_rips_ad_in_Brown_paper+.shtml]
Debate Rages Over College
Papers' Decisions To Run Anti-Slavery Reparations Ad (03/07/01)
FoxNews] "Debate over an advertisement criticizing reparations for slavery that ran
in four college newspapers turned ugly again this week when police were called to protect
editors from crowds of angry students who called the ad offensive and racist.
"Students at the University of Wisconsin in Madison marched to the office of the
Badger Herald, denouncing the paper as a "racist propaganda machine" for running
an ad paid for by conservative columnist David Horowitz titled "10 Reasons Why
Reparations for Slavery Is a Bad Idea and Racist, Too."
"This week's protests followed similar actions at campuses in California last week.
The Daily Californian, the student paper at the University of California at Berkeley,
apologized on its front page for running the ad after protestors removed papers from racks
across campus and staged a heated protest at the paper's offices.
The part Horowitz's ad that really incensed the quota-sympathizers pointed out two facts
that the racial lobby does not want known: (a) blacks in America have the
highest standard of living of any descendants from Africa in the entire world; and (b)
blacks in America have already received trillions of dollars in the form of racial quotas,
job preferences, contract set-asides, and welfare benefits.
Associated Press reports that Mr. Horowitz tried to run the ad in 21 college papers but
only four believed enough in free speech to accept the ad.
Minority students and their sympathizers in California, Wisconsin and on other campuses
were "offended" by the facts presented in Mr. Horowitz's ad, describing it as
The editors of the papers which ran the ad have been branded as racists and bigots by the
student racial lobbyists.
The editor of the Daily Californian, a minority himself, completely caved in to the racial
lobbyists. AP quotes editor Hernandez as saying that running the ad made his paper
into "an inadvertent vehicle for bigotry".
Horowitz chastised the paper for censorship and for retreating from principles of free
(Based on the AP story as published by FoxNews)
[Last known link http://www.foxnews.com/national/030701/slave_reparations.sml
Criticizes Berkeley for Refusing Anti-Reparations Advertisement (03/08/01)
|LETTER: To the Editor of the
Mr. Daniel Hernandez, Editor in Chief, Daily Californian
Ward Connerly wrote: "Dear Mr. Hernandez: I have read from published
reports about your papers public apologies for accepting a paid ad against slavery
"I am outraged that your paper would retreat so readily from the fundamental
principle of free speech with which Berkeley became synonymous in the 1960s.
"To censor David Horowitzs ad against slavery reparations as a form of
"bigotry" is as ominous as the accusations of "Communism" which were
often used to intimate and silence unpopular opinion a half century ago. (By the way, I
happen to agree with Mr. Horowitzs position on reparations, which is shared by
millions of Americans.) ... while I don't necessarily agree with all of [Horowitz's]
points of contention, there is nothing in the ad that offends the First Amendment so much
that the Daily Cal has to cave in to a bunch of racial extortionists and become apologists
for exercising freedom of the press." -- Signed: Ward Connerly"
(Excerpted from FrontPageMag.Com 03/08/01 letter
by Ward Connerly)
[Last known link http://frontpagemag.com/columnists/connerly/wc03-08-01.htm
Lawyers planning suit for African-American slave
(Associated Press) "A powerful group
of civil rights and class-action lawyers who have won billions of dollars in court is
preparing a lawsuit seeking reparations for American blacks descended from slaves.
"The project, called the Reparations Assessment Group, was confirmed by Harvard law
professor Charles J. Ogletree and appears to be the most serious effort yet to get
American blacks compensated for 244 years of legalized slavery. Lawsuits and legislation
dating back to the mid-1800s have gone nowhere.
"We will be seeking more than just monetary compensation,'' Ogletree said. "We
want a change in America. We want full recognition and a remedy of how slavery
stigmatized, raped, murdered and exploited millions of Africans through no fault of their
"Ogletree said the group, which includes famed attorney Johnnie Cochran, first met in
July and will hold its fourth meeting in Washington D.C. later this month.
"This country has never dealt with slavery. It is America's nightmare. A political
solution would be the most sensible but I don't have a lot of faith that's going to
happen. So we need to look aggressively at the legal alternative,'' Ogletree said.
Harvard's ultra-liberal Charles Ogletree indicated that the group's lawsuit will be
directed against the federal government, state governments, corporations, and other
institutions that allegedly have benefited from slave labor.
"Ogletree said the Reparation Assessment Group includes attorneys [Johnnie] Cochran
and Alexander J. Pires Jr., who won a $1 billion settlement for black farmers who claimed
discrimination by the U.S. Department of Agriculture; Richard Scruggs, who won the $368.5
billion settlement for states against tobacco companies; Dennis C. Sweet III, who won a
$400 million settlement in the "phen-fen'' diet drug case; and Willie E. Gary, who
won a $500 million judgment against the Loewen Group Inc., the world's largest funeral
"Also in the group is Randall Robinson, president of the TransAfrica Forum, a think
tank specializing in African, Caribbean and African-American issues. Robinson recently
wrote the book "The Debt: What America Owes to Blacks,'' which argues for
Supporters of the reparations boondoggle cite recent, largely irrelevant, noncomparable
cases where groups have been compensated in cash for discrimination by governments.
For example, the Reparations Support Group cites the $20,000 award granted by the U.S. to
the Japanese-Americans who were interred in concentration camps in the U.S. during World
War II. Reparations advocates fail to acknowledge that the Japanese-Americans who
received the $20,000 award were direct "still living" victims of the
government's discrimination. This is not the case in the proposed "slavery
reparations" debacle. Many generations -- and trillions of dollars in welfare
payments and minority set-asides and racial preferences in the U.S. -- have already been
awarded to "blacks" in this country.
Many citizens and politicians also argue that it isn't fair for taxpayers and corporations
who never owned slaves to be burdened with possible multibillion dollar settlements. (AP,
via FoxNews, based on the Associated Press story 11/04/00 by Paul Shepard)
[Last known link http://foxnews.com/national/1104/d_ap_1104_65.sml
The Coming Reparations
the lunacy of the idea, reparations are on the way. "Should we pay money
damages -- reparations for slavery -- to today's African-Americans? At first glance, such
a massive redistribution of wealth seems like nothing more than any other crackpot scheme
that will go nowhere -- but this movement is steadily gaining ground. The cities of
Detroit, Cleveland, and Dallas have officially endorsed slavery restitution, and the
Chicago City Council last month passed a resolution urging Congress to push forward with
"... Detroit Rep. John Conyers has vowed that reparations will be the first
legislative item he will pursue if Democrats regain the House this fall. Conyers, who has
introduced reparations bills every year since 1989, is the ranking member on Judiciary and
will become its Chairman if the elections go south for the GOP.
"Grassroots groups are also quickly organizing across the country. The National
Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America (N'COBRA), a lobbying umbrella group with
dozens of local chapters, has drafted a blueprint for federal "down payments" on
reparations that they plan to move through the courts and congressional legislation.
[In this paragraph, author Brett M. Decker uses sarcasm in referring to the 'racist nature
of criminal justice' in this country.] "Because black criminality is the fruit
of a white conspiracy throughout history to keep persons of color down, Lewis's group
demands the release of all "political prisoners" jailed for activities while
members of the Black Panthers, the Black Liberation Army, or any other black-separatist
"But none of these questions really matter because political power, rather than
justice, is the name of this game. The reparations movement has powerful friends. During
the Democratic primary debate at Harlem's Apollo Theater last February, Vice President Al
Gore and his then-opponent Bill Bradley flatly refused to condemn reparations when the
issue was posed. The jam-packed auditorium hooted and hollered its support when the issue
"All this marks a significant turnaround for the civil-rights movement. Once
dedicated to constructing a so-called color-blind society, many minority groups now seem
not only content with racial separation but actually seem determined to exacerbate the
racial divide for years into the future. After all, reparations would hardly bring the
country together." (National Review, 06/19/00 by Brett M. Decker, editor of the
[Last known link http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/comment061900f.html
Reparations is a hot topic,
but no dollars in sight (06/15/00)
"Several hundred blacks will gather in Washington this weekend to plot
strategy for reparations, a hot topic among some black activists. They want the government
to pay them for injuries they say they suffer as a legacy of slavery, which ended 135
"It's an example of white supremacy and the climate it has created," says
Dorothy Lewis, co-chairman of the National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America.
The group is hosting the 11th annual Reparations Conference and expects between 300 and
400 people at Howard University.
"The conference dovetails with a Sunday rally at the Lincoln Memorial that is themed
"The Final Chapter in Black Reparations," the last of five such events that have
been held in Florida and Texas.
"History may not be kind to such arguments. Historians note that forced servitude has
at one time included all races; indeed, the slave catchers in Africa were black and a few
blacks owned slaves in America, and many whites came to America as indentured servants,
which was little more than a form of slavery that many such servants never escaped.
"History is filled with injustices, and if we want to track every one down and,
Clinton-like, beat our breasts and apologize, we can," says Myron Magnet, an editor
of the urban policy publication City Journal and the Manhattan Institute for Policy
"Or we can focus on the fact that we succeeded in expunging the stain of slavery from
our society and passed the heroic Civil Rights Act of 1964, and opened society. To me, the
reparation mongers are making themselves part of the problem."
"... Others put fanciful dollar amounts on reparations, ranging up to $1.6 trillion,
citing [inaccurately] as precedents reparations paid to Japanese-Americans who were
interned during World War II, or the Indian tribes who received $1.3 billion for land
taken from them.
"... But even many blacks oppose the very idea of reparations. Some scorn those who
seek a payoff.
"Thomas Sowell, an economist, a fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford and a
newspaper columnist, argues that reparations are based on revisionist history, and
"anyone who wants reparations based on history will have to gerrymander history very
carefully. Otherwise, practically everybody would owe reparations to practically everybody
"Short of establishing racial-classification boards, such as those in South Africa
during apartheid, there might be no conclusive way to determine eligibility for the
payoffs. Since few slaves were legally married, Americans regarded as white might claim a
slave ancestor, and disproving such a claim could be difficult." (Washington
Times, 06/15/00, by Steve Miller)
[Last known link http://184.108.40.206/national/default-2000615222511.htm
Group seeks reparation for
"WASHINGTON -- Despite stiff opposition and 13 years of failed efforts, a group is
continuing to press the federal government to pay trillions of dollars to blacks to
compensate them for what it calls the lingering effects of slavery.
"... The Washington D.C.-based group contends that the federal government owes about
$8 trillion to the descendants of slaves.
"The 13-year-old coalition ... plans to raise its profile beginning today with a
seven-day conference in the nation's capital and a rally on the National Mall this
"Despite what the coalition calls newfound momentum for its cause, the likelihood
that Congress will approve any reparations money -- let alone $8 trillion -- appears slim.
"Federal lawmakers have not even acted on a relatively benign piece of legislation
that calls for the creation of a seven-member commission simply to study the issue of
compensating descendants of slaves.
"... It is for the memories of our ancestors, the quality of the lives of the living
and the destiny of the still unborn that we work diligently to close this chapter of
history in a just way, giving voice not only to the wrong but to the remedy," the
coalition says in a mission statement.
"... Robinson added that he does not hold living white Americans responsible for
slavery, noting that none has legally kept slaves and most abhor that the practice ever
"... The coalition, in defense of its request for compensation, noted that the
federal government in 1988 issued a formal apology and paid $20,000 each to
Japanese-Americans taken from their homes and held in internment camps during World War II
from 1941 to 1945. Descendants of the centuries-old American slave trade, which flourished
from 1619 to 1865, are as deserving of compensation, the group said.
"Not so, countered Stanford University professor Clayborne Carson. The
Japanese-Americans compensated under the 1988 Civil Liberties Act were people who actually
suffered the indignity of being uprooted in the name of national security following
Japan's 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor. But the slave descendants seeking recompense are
many generations removed from their relatives who toiled under the lash, the U.S. history
"... At the conclusion of its conference June 20, the coalition said it intends to
file a lawsuit against the federal government to recover compensation for descendants of
slaves." (Houston Chronicle, 06/13/00 by Steve Lash)
[Last known link http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/story.hts/page1/578397
Additional News Links and
OLDER Reparations Stories
Johnny Reb, A Game of Racial Envy
(FrontPagemag.com/June 7, 2000)
Robert A. George, David Fights the Racial
Goliath: Salon's House Provocateur, (National Review/June 2, 2000)
Earl Ofari Hutchinson, Debt Wrong: David
Horowitz is Incorrect. It's Time for the United States to Pay Up for Slavery
(Salon.com/June 5, 2000)
David Horowitz, Reparations Are Still a
Bad Idea: Reply to Earl Ofari Hutchinson, (FrontPageMag.com/June 5, 2000)
David Horowitz, Ten Reasons Why
Reparations for Blacks are a Bad Idea for Blacks, and Racist Too (FrontPageMag.com/June 5,
END Reparations NEWER Summaries and Links