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Last Updated July 27, 2006

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New Jersey (Police Profiling):
NJ Police Followed Federal Guidelines in Racial Profiling (11/29/00)

          Today the New York Times reported that the NJ police have followed federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) guidelines regarding racial profiling of drug couriers.

          The DEA regularly has published crime statistics showing the racial characteristics of drug couriers and dealers, and has issued training guidelines widely used by police departments across the nation, including the various NJ police departments.  Federal crime statistics show that certain racial and ethnic groups do, indeed, commit more drug crimes than other groups.

[link to story:]

New Jersey (State Police):
Minority trooper recruits still low

          New Jersey State Police have tried to comply with the "dumbed down" racial hiring requirements imposed by the U.S. Department of Justice and legal threats by the NAACP, but many of the minority applicants still failed the easier application requirements.

          NJ State Police altered their methods of recruiting minority troopers last March after being threatened with a lawsuit by the NAACP alleging that the rigorous requirements excluded too many persons of color.  Even the NJ State Attorney General jumped on the quota bandwagon in July 1999 stating that the State Police requirements were too rigorous for minority applicants.  

          "Figures released Tuesday by state police Superintendent Carson Dunbar show that of the 5,023 candidates applying for jobs last fall, 57 percent were white, 18 percent were black, 15 percent were of Hispanic descent, and 3 percent were of Asian descent.

          However, due to the higher failure rate of the selected minorities "The 105 recruits who have been selected so far to begin this fall at the state police training facility in Sea Girt are 85 percent white, 4 percent black, 10 percent Hispanic, and 1 percent Asian."

          Personnel records show that more minority applicants applied in 2000 than applied in 1998, but they just couldn't pass the physical tests, the written tests, the medical exams, and the background checks.   The NAACP and the DOJ think this somehow represents racial discrimination.

          According to the Bergen Record, "The NAACP agreement with the state police called for a stepped-up minority recruitment campaign and changes in the entrance exams and educational requirements for troopers.  A four-year college requirement was dropped, and the force agreed to accept applicants with two years of college and two years of work experience.

          "Under the agreement, the state police would need to recruit at least 22 percent black candidates and 11 percent Hispanic candidates for three years to restore the four-year educational requirement."

          Quite amazingly, the Bergen Record stated that this race-based, proportional-representation mandate imposed by the NAACP does NOT call for any quotas!  The Bergen Record made this astonishing statement in spite of requirements that (a) the NJ State Police guarantee there is always a "minority" member on the three-person interview teams; (b) the state police water-down their educational requirements; (c) the state police change the written exam so that more minority applicants can pass it; and (d) the success of the state police in recruiting and hiring minority applicants will be judged by the NAACP and DOJ by the number of minority residents in the state vs. the number of minority officers on the force. 

          That's not a quota?  If numerical standards for the hiring and promotion of minorities doesn't constitute a quota, then we guess we've been reading the wrong dictionary.

(Based upon the Bergen Record 08/23/00, by Randy Diamond)
[link ]

New Jersey (State Police):
Fired State Police top cop stands by minority remarks

          "Carl Williams, the fired state police superintendent, told CBS News' Dan Rather he stands by his remarks linking minorities to drugs, and by his insistence that New Jersey troopers never were directed to stop motorists based on their race.  [Williams' comments were accurate, and were directly cited from Uniform Crime Statistics provided by the federal government.]

          "Williams was scheduled to appear on the CBS network's "60 Minutes 2" Tuesday night. CBS News provided a transcript of the broadcast Tuesday afternoon.

          "Rather also interviewed black state troopers who have filed a discrimination lawsuit against the agency, and who said their refusal to participate in racial profiling subjected them to punishment or set back their careers.

          "Williams told the news program that criminals who use the New Jersey Turnpike to ship narcotics are the only winners in the yearlong racial controversy embroiling the state police. "My personal opinion? They got to be the happiest people in the world," he said.

          "Williams also stood by his February remarks that "today with this drug problem, the problem is cocaine or marijuana. It is most likely a minority group that's involved with that." Governor Whitman fired Williams the day this remark and others appeared in a published report.   "I was fired, I guess, for being insensitive, whatever that is," Williams said, noting that he was merely reciting information based on federal drug surveillance."  (Associated Press via The Bergen Record 10/20/99 by Ralph Siegel)
[link ]

New Jersey (State):
Fired State Police Supt. Williams Sues NJ for Race Bias (10/03/99)

          CHERRY HILL -- "Former State Police Superintendent Col. Carl A. Williams Jr., who has filed a lawsuit seeking $22 million for "wrongful termination," believes Gov. Christie Whitman fired him because he is a white male, according to the 14-page reverse discrimination suit made available yesterday.

          "The suit claims [Governor] Whitman falsely accused him of making "racially insensitive" remarks in a published report to cover up her "true reason" for dismissing him:  her desire to replace the 58-year-old white leader of a force under fire for racial discrimination with a black superintendent to curry favor with minority voters."  

[Editor's Note:  Former Supt. Williams is being punished for publicly quoting 1997 FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics in an interview with the Newark Star-Ledger in Feb. 1999.  In the interview, Supt. Williams indicated that certain racial and ethnic groups had come to be identified with certain types of crimes.  Col. Williams' statements are backed up by official U.S. Gov't statistics.  The 1997 FBI Uniform Crime Report, cited by Williams in his interview, "shows that 63% of the 65,624 drug arrests that year involved minorities -- either black (50%) or Hispanic (13%).  Other law enforcement reports noted an increase in East Coast cocaine trafficking among Jamaicans, Pakistani, Haitians, Chinese and Nigerians, along with a jump in the methampetamine market among motorcycle gangs, mainly Caucasians.]

          "The lawsuit -- which names the state, Whitman and former Attorney General Peter Verniero, came one day after the state Senate confirmed Williams' replacement -- a black FBI agent named Carson Dunbar Jr., who will become the first minority to lead the state's mostly white, 2,700-member trooper force.

          "[Republican Gov. Christine] Whitman chose to dismiss Williams on Feb. 28 after the Star-Ledger of Newark quoted him as saying certain minorities are more likely to be involved in cocaine and marijuana trafficking.

          NJ On Line quoted Williams as saying "Here I'm getting fired for telling the truth," he continued. "I never regret saying the truth."

          "About four months after firing Williams, [Republican Gov. Christine] Whitman echoed Williams' comments in a New York Times Magazine article that quoted her saying troopers can use race as one of several factors when determining who is suspected of committing a crime."  [That would seem just a TAD inconsistent with your firing of Supt. Williams, wouldn't it, Gov. Whitman?]  (New Jersey On Line / The Times 10/03/99 by Wendy Ruderman)
[link ]


Ex N.J. Police Chief Sues for Reverse Discrimination (10/04/99 - pay site)
          (Associated Press) CHERRY HILL, N.J. –– "A State Police superintendent who was fired for saying minorities were more likely to be involved in cocaine and marijuana trafficking is suing the state for discrimination. [Editor’s Note: It is a matter of record that fired Supt. Carl Williams was directly quoting from FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics which documented the preponderance of drug crimes by certain racial and ethnic groups. These statistics are supported by the U.S. government.]

          "Carl Williams' lawsuit, filed Friday, seeks more than $21 million.

          "It claims that Gov. Christine Todd Whitman and former Attorney General Peter Verniero, now a state Supreme Court justice, fired Williams in February "because of his status as a white male, age 59, in order to replace him with a black superintendent."

          "'The governor and the attorney general hung me out to dry,' Williams said Saturday from his attorney's office."  (Associated Press, via Cal Law 10/04/99)
[link to PAY site: ]

Ex-state police head sues N.J. and Whitman over dismissal (10/02/99)
          Alternate link to virtually the same AP story, as it appeared in the Bergen Record.
[link ]

New Jersey (State):
Racial Profiling Charge False; Video Proves Perjury (08/27/99)

          LINDEN, NJ -- "A videotape of a traffic stop by a [white] New Jersey State Police trooper accused of racial profiling has led to perjury charges against his [black] accuser.

          "Allen Wade, 38, [black] of Ridgefield Park accused Trooper Gregory March [white] of using a racial slur against him when stopping him for driving 86 mph in a 55 mph zone on the New Jersey Turnpike on April 2. Wade is black; March is white.

          "At a Municipal Court hearing Tuesday, [Trooper] March, a 12-year veteran, produced a videotape from the cruiser that showed that Wade was treated in a professional manner and that March did not call him by a racial slur, said state police spokesman Lt. Dan Cosgrove.

          "[Defendant] Wade was ordered to pay a fine for speeding and was charged with perjury, Cosgrove said."   (Associated Press, via the Bergen Record 08/27/99)
[link ]

New Jersey (State):
U.S. DOJ Ready to Sue NJ State Police for Racial Profiling

          "After a three-year [anti-white, pro-minority] investigation, the U.S. Justice Department [at the direction of Bill Lann Lee] is prepared to sue the New Jersey State Police for allegedly discriminating against minority motorists -- the first time the government has gone to such lengths to stop so-called racial profiling, state and federal officials said.

          "But Justice officials have agreed to negotiate possible remedies before filing a lawsuit, and may consider recommendations by state Attorney General Peter Verniero, who last week issued a report that conceded troopers target minorities for traffic stops in their zeal to stop drug traffickers.

          "[Bill Lann Lee's boss] Attorney General Janet Reno on Monday authorized the U.S. Division of Civil Rights to sue the state police for conducting illegal traffic stops, said Christine DeBartolo, a Justice spokeswoman. As is routine in such cases, the agency first offered New Jersey a chance to negotiate a settlement.

           "Verniero announced Thursday that he welcomed the chance to avoid litigation. State and federal officials will now meet to negotiate a consent decree that would mandate that state police make specific changes in their patrol practices. "As I expressed personally to Attorney General Reno, we look forward to working with the Justice Department as a partner to ensure that New Jersey becomes a model for addressing this important civil rights issue," Verniero said in a statement.

          "This will be the second time the Justice Department used a consent decree to force the state police to change practices that discriminate against minorities. In 1975, the federal agency required the state police to hire more minorities after an investigation found its hiring practices to be unconstitutional."  (Bergen.Com 04/30/99 by Thomas Zolper)
[link ]


Looking at Race Profiling: Problem is exaggerated (04/27/99)
          "The national Association of Police Organizations, which represents more than 220,000 law-enforcement officers nationwide, strongly opposes any racial discrimination. This includes pulling over a vehicle and searching personal property or detaining an individual based solely on his or her race or ethnicity, and not on probable cause.

          "But the recent media frenzy attacking police officers for alleged racial profiling while patrolling our nation's highways is nothing but an exaggeration. Even worse than the media attacks are attacks against the police from members of Congress.

          "Rep. John Conyers (D-Mich.) has introduced the Traffic Stops Statistics Study Act of 1999. The bill would require the U.S. attorney general to study routine traffic-violation stops, forcing police officers to record the number of individuals they stop, as well as such characteristics as the race and/or ethnicity, age and gender of each person pulled over.

          "What needs to be made clear to the American public is that there is no need for new legislation on this issue.

          "The attorney general [Janet Reno] already has the power to investigate allegations of police misconduct in any area of the country where she sees a problem. This includes allegations of racial profiling by police during traffic stops.

          "Conyers is merely reintroducing a bill that died in the Senate during the last Congress, thanks in part to the lobbying efforts of the National Association of Police Organizations. The new version is essentially the same, with one major exception. The earlier bill limited the use of data obtained for research or statistical purposes. But the newly proposed bill would make the data readily available to the cottage industry of lawyers who make their living suing police."  (New York Daily News 04/27/99 by Robert Scully)
[link ]

New Jersey (State):
Gov. Fires State Police Supt. for "Racial Insensitivity" and Honesty  (03/02/99) (no link)

         NJ State Police Supt. Col. Carl Williams has been fired for making "racially insensitive remarks", according to GOP Governor Christine Todd Whitman. Under increasing pressure from the NAACP and black church groups, Todd jettisoned Williams for his forthright comments about race and crime in an interview with the Newark Star-Ledger.

          In the interview, Superintendent Williams indicated that certain racial and ethnic groups had come to be identified with certain types of crimes.  Col. Williams' statements are backed up by official U.S. Gov't statistics.

          The 1997 FBI Uniform Crime Report, cited by Williams in his interview, "shows that 63% of the 65,624 drug arrests that year involved minorities -- either black (50%) or Hispanic (13%). Other law enforcement reports noted an increase in East Coast cocaine trafficking among Jamaicans, Pakistani, Haitians, Chinese and Nigerians, along with a jump in the methampetamine market among motorcycle gangs, mainly Caucasians.

          Which is precisely what Williams said in the controversial interview.  But minority groups had previously accused the NJ State Police of using "racial profiling".  They demanded a sacrificial lamb, and that lamb turned out to be Col. Williams who, incidentally, has not been accused of racism.  He has only been accused of "racial insensitivity".  It got him fired. 

          A survey by the same newspaper, the Star-Ledger, over the course of two days showed that 68% of those who responded opposed the firing.  (Based on the Washington Times, page A04, Tues., Mar. 2, 1999)  See also "Related" (below) AND these links:
Fox News: 
[former link **]
NY Times: 
[former link **]
NY Times: [former link **]

Related / Background:  Does U.S. drug report motivate profiling?  (04/19/99)
          "The federal government spends nearly $300 million a year and employs 1,400 people in a vast spy network that scrutinizes international and domestic drug markets, and then informs state and local police how to spot a trafficker, according to a General Accounting Office report last year to Congress.

          "The findings of the clandestine operation, if fully disclosed, might have the effect of throwing gasoline on a fire in New Jersey, considering the heated debate in the state about whether state police target minority motorists.

          "In an annual report that summarizes the nation's drug intelligence, the National Narcotics Intelligence Consumers Committee concluded: "Distribution groups were comprised chiefly of African-American street gangs and the Dominican, Cuban, Haitian, Jamaican, Mexican, and Puerto Rican criminal groups that controlled cocaine and crack sales at the retail level."

          "Marijuana is sold on the street mostly by "domestic street gangs and ethnic groups, usually immigrants from source countries," although wholesale distribution is controlled by a variety of crime groups, including the Italian mafia and motorcycle gangs, another section of the report concluded.

          "The drug intelligence reports have a prominent but little-known place in the controversy that has swept over the state in recent months about racial profiling, the allegation that police target certain ethnic and racial groups for traffic stops and arrests. Critics say racial profiling is a symptom of racism within the ranks of the state's elite police force.

          "John Hagerty, a state police spokesman, referred to the intelligence reports as "the bibles of drug enforcement."  The intelligence is used to train law enforcement how to spot drug couriers on the roads, in bus stations, and at airports. Excerpts are posted on bulletin boards in state police barracks and some are available to the average troopers through station libraries and electronic law enforcement databases, according to interviews with troopers and local police."  (The Bergen Record 04/19/99 by Thomas Zolper)
[link ]

New Jersey (Camden):
Camden Police (Quota) Hiring Policy Assailed (06/08/06)

Excerpted from the Camden Courier-Post Online June 8, 2006
Story by Courier-Post reporter Alan Guenther

          "With renewed violence on the streets and without a police chief to lead them, Camden officers are finding themselves facing another problem -- race.

          "In recent weeks, a group calling itself the Concerned American Police Officers has emerged. It's not a 'whites only' group, says the group's president, Sgt. Jeffrey Frett.  But all 73 members, he said, are white.

          "The group formed, Frett said, after the city 'unfairly' bypassed white officers for promotions this year.

          "Some concern arose among black officials when 16 of the 21 people recruited to become officers in April were white.   More than 90 percent of the city's residents are nonwhites.

          "Lt. Joseph Galiazzi supervised the recruitment of the officers.  In a union grievance filed on May 30, he said city business administrator Christine T.J. Tucker said 'the specific concern of City Council members was the number of 'white recruits.'  Galiazzi is not a member of the Concerned American Police Officers group.

          "At a recent City Council meeting, Tucker said she had been pressured by council members about police recruits but refused to name them or elaborate.

          "Frett said two black councilmen, Ali Sloan El and Gilbert 'Whip' Wilson, complained about the white recruits.   Both council members denied that.

          "The issue isn't race, said Sloan El.  It's residency.  He said too many white officers don't live in the city.

          " 'If 16 of them are hired and they move out of the city, that's not going to help the community,' said Sloan El.  'If you've got a police officer living on your street, you know there ain't going to be nothing going down there.'

          "About five of his 73 members live in Camden, said Frett, who lives in the suburbs.  Police officers fear retaliation when they live in the city, he said.  'You arrest a drug dealer, they know where you live,' Frett explained.

          "Frett pointed out that his group is not the only organization organized along racial lines. There's the Hispanic Police Officers Society and the mostly black Brotherhood for Unity and Progress.

          "Only about 20 percent of the minority police officers live in the city, Frett said.

          "Councilman Wilson said it's a fact that most police officers live outside Camden.  For more than 15 years, before he was elected to City Council, Wilson served as president of the black officers group.

          "The hiring of 16 white officers to serve an overwhelmingly minority city is going to 'raise some eyebrows,' Wilson said.  'It looks unusual,' he maintained.  'Look at Cherry Hill or Voorhees and the racial makeup of those towns.  If most of the officers in those communities being hired were black, "it would look unusual."  He said most black officers lived in the city before they moved out.

          " 'They understand the flavor of the city,' said Wilson, while some white officers may not.

          "New recruits must live in Camden at the time of their hire, but they are free to move out after that.  The city's business administrator has said some of the recruits, including two of Galiazzi's relatives, may have used another relative's Camden address to qualify for the job.   An investigation is ongoing.

          "Wilson said he didn't understand what the white officers are complaining about.  Statistics show that 54 percent of the 90 police supervisors are white.  Of the 413 officers in the city, 139 are white.  But Frett said the number of whites on the force has declined.  In 1987, he said, 211 of the 285 city police officers were white.  Today, 34 percent are white.

          "The residency issue is most often raised only against white officers, said Frett -- a charge both Wilson and Sloan El denied."

Last Known Link:
Camden Courier Post Online 06-08-06

Printer Friendly Link:
Camden Courier Post Online 06-08-06

New Jersey (Camden):
Memo seeking "white recuirtment officer" causes stir (07/25/06)

Excerpted from the Camden Courier-Post Online July 25, 2006
Story by Courier-Post reporter Alan Guenther

CAMDEN - "A June 27 city fire department memo seeking a "white recruitment officer" has caused a stir.

         "Fire Chief Joseph Marini asked for the memo to be distributed to all of the city's 250 firefighters. In an interview this week, he said he wasn't trying to get more white people to work in the department.

         " 'I think the more diversity, the better, for sure,' Marini said.  He said the fire department's recruitment committee included two African Americans and one Hispanic. 

         "The union representing firefighter supervisors, Marini said, asked for a white officer to be added to the group.

         "Randy Primas, the state-appointed chief operating officer, said he expects Marini to rescind the memo.  "I'm flabbergasted," Primas said when he learned about the memo from the Courier-Post. "I think it is inappropriate to identify recruiting positions by race."

         "In a twist, the memo was signed by Kevin Hailey, deputy chief of administration.  Hailey is black.

         "In December 2004, Hailey and another officer won $1 million in a racial discrimination lawsuit against Marini and city officials. The suit alleged a pattern of racial discrimination and a hostile work environment for minorities.

         "Hailey said he only sent the memo because he was ordered by Marini to do so.  "I wasn't pleased about it," Hailey said.

         "Marini said he does not have problems with minority officers, but Hailey disagreed.  'There are so many things that are wrong around here, that it's astounding,' Hailey said.  He said minority officers are terminated more frequently and disciplined more severely.

         "[Chief] Marini said he felt he had done nothing wrong and criticized the jury for awarding $1 million in damages -- an award that is being appealed by the city.  "It's not the jury's money," Marini said. "It's very easy for the jury to award somebody else's money."

Last Known Link:
Camden Courier Post Online 07-25-06

Printer Friendly Link:
Camden Courier Post Online

New Jersey (Camden):
Camden Fire Dept. Sued for Anti-White Bias (12/07/98)

          Ten white fire dept. applicants in Camden have sued the city for using a double standard in reviewing applicants, resulting in more stringent hiring standards for whites.  "They claim the discrimination was so severe officials turned them down but hired a convicted felon and a man who was court-martialed from the military because both were minorities."  (AP, via The Star Ledger 12/07/98) [ link ]

Follow Up Jan. 13, 1999

New Jersey (Camden):  Fire Bias Hearing Begins Today
          "A hearing is set to begin today to decide whether Camden's Fire Department rejected applicants because of their race.  In early 1997, Camden hired 32 firefighters, 28 of them minorities."   Three of the defendants were not hired (Bottalico, Folkman and Bennett).  Fire officials have attempted to use their residency requirement to justify not hiring the defendants, but Bottalico, 27, Folkman, 26, and Bennett, 32, had provided city officials with phone, cable and other bills to show they live in the city.

          "The plaintiffs' suit says the Fire Department hired minorities who listed their home addresses as post offices boxes and one who was court-martialed. Court documents also show that at least one convicted felon was hired. City officials have said it is against Fire Department policy to hire convicted felons, court-martialed applicants, and candidates who list their home addresses as post office boxes. Fire officials said 83 people in the 211-member department are minorities [almost 40%]."  (Philadelphia Inquirer, 01-13-99, by Jon Stenzler)
[link ]

New Jersey (Clifton):
Racial Quotas Fail to Hire Qualified Police and Firefighters! (09/03/98)

          Quota activists had hoped that Clifton's new reverse discrimination formula would result in hiring more "minority" firefighters and police, but they were proven wrong.  As a result of these futile "racial goals", Clifton's officers include only 1 "black" officer.  (The Bergen Record, 9/3/98)
[link ]

New Jersey (East Orange):
Mayor Cooper Vows Never to Hire Another White Police Chief (09/26/98)

          Capt. Richard Wright is suing for reverse racial bias.  Wright scored highest on the chief's exam.  Harry Harman placed sixth, but he was given the top spot over Wright.  As part of the "hostile environment", Wright has produced testimony that the then-Mayor made anti-white remarks in 1993 to a meeting of black police officers in East Orange (corroborated by two officers in attendance).  Wright hopes to use the remarks as evidence of "reverse discrimination".  (Associated Press 9/26/98, via New Jersey Online).  See "Related Story".
[link ]

New Jersey (East Orange):
Related Story - White Police Officer Wins Job Back! (10/07/98 - dead link)
         "The city has settled a federal lawsuit by agreeing to the forced resignation of its first black police chief and the appointment of a white man who claimed he was the victim of discrimination."   The city announced the settlement just before jurors were to begin deliberations.   Congratulations to Capt. Wright!  (Associated Press 10/07/98, via Fox News)
[former link **]

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*  We use the term reverse discrimination reluctantly and only because it is so widely understood.  In our opinion there really is only one kind of discrimination.