(4) Text of Proposition 209 and Initiative 200

Editor's Notes:  The final language of the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative will be very similar to the language used in Proposition 209 and Initiative 200 (see below), with appropriate adjustments to accommodate the applicable Michigan state laws. Prop.
Language of Proposition 209
209

          Critics and liberal news reporters make a big deal out of the fact that the initiative will not specifically mention "affirmative action", implying that the initiative is dishonest or misleading.   The initiative will not address "affirmative action" because it is not seeking to end or destroy affirmative action -- it only seeks to ban preferential or differential treatment by the state based in any part upon race or ethnicity.


California Proposition 209

In November 1996 an overwhelming majority of California citizens approved Proposition 209, which is now known under the law as Article I, Section 31 of the California State Constitution

I-200
Language of Initiative 200
Text

(a) The state shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.

(b) This section shall apply only to action taken after the section’s effective date.

(c) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as prohibiting bona fide qualifications based on sex which are reasonably necessary to the normal operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.

(d) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as invalidating any court order or consent decree which is in force as of the effective date of this section.

(e) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as prohibiting action which must be taken to establish or maintain eligibility for any federal program, where ineligibility would result in a loss of federal funds to the state.

(f) For the purposes of this section, "state" shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, the state itself, any city, county, city and county, public university system, including the University of California, community college district, school district, special district, or any other political subdivision or governmental instrumentality of or within the state.

(g) The remedies available for violations of this section shall be the same, regardless of the injured party’s race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin, as are otherwise available for violations of then-existing California antidiscrimination law.

(h) This section shall be self-executing. If any part or parts of this section are found to be in conflict with federal law or the United State Constitution, the section shall be implemented to the maximum extent that federal law and the United States Constitution permit. Any provision held invalid shall be severable from the remaining portions of this section.


Washingon State Initiative 200

On Tuesday, Nov. 3, 1998 the citizens of Washington State approved Initiative 200 by an overwhelming majority.   It is now the law in Washington.


AN ACT Relating to prohibiting government entities from discriminating or granting preferential treatment based on race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin; and adding new sections to chapter 49.60 RCW.

Prop
209
Proposition 209 LanguageDown: Index and Choices
Index

BE IT ENACTED BY THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:

NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. (1) The state shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.

(2) This section applies only to action taken after the effective date of this section.

(3) This section does not affect any law or governmental action that does not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin.

(4) This section does not affect any otherwise lawful classification that:

     (a) Is based on sex and is necessary for sexual privacy or medical or psychological treatment; or

     (b) Is necessary for undercover law enforcement or for film, video, audio, or theatrical casting; or

     (c) Provides for separate athletic teams for each sex.

(5) This section does not invalidate any court order or consent decree that is in force as of the effective date of this section.

(6) This section does not prohibit action that must be taken to establish or maintain eligibility for any federal program, if ineligibility would result in a loss of federal funds to the state.

(7) For the purposes of this section, "state" includes, but is not necessarily limited to, the state itself, any city, county, public college or university, community college, school district, special district, or other political subdivision or governmental instrumentality of or within the state.

(8) The remedies available for violations of this section shall be the same, regardless of the injured party's race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin, as are otherwise available for violations of Washington antidiscrimination law.

(9) This section shall be self-executing. If any part or parts of this section are found to be in conflict with federal law, the United States Constitution, or the Washington state Constitution, the section shall be implemented to the maximum extent that federal law, the United States Constitution, and the Washington state Constitution permit. Any provision held invalid shall be severable from the remaining portions of this section.

NEW SECTION. Sec. 2. This act shall be known and cited as the Washington State Civil Rights Act.

NEW SECTION. Sec. 3. Sections 1 and 2 of this act are each added to chapter 49.60 RCW.


<== Choose another topic in the left index


Other Choices:

Reload Michigan Civil Rights Initiative
Main Index

Main News Index

Adversity.Net HOME page

Top
Top of Page