|By City, Newest First:
Hilton Head, SC:
Elementary School Racial Makeup Subject
of Federal Probe (01/21/99)
"The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights confirmed Wednesday that
it had received two complaints regarding the racial makeup of the four academies at Hilton
Head Elementary School.
" 'The matter is under investigation,' [U.S. Dept. of Ed] OCR spokesman Roger Murphy
said. He said the Office of Civil Rights probably would schedule an on-site visit to
collect more information on the situation. Already, OCR has requested data from the
Beaufort County School District on the school's academies.
"The inquiry is seeking to determine whether the racial composition of the elementary
school's four new 'academies' is balanced. In a letter [one parent] sent in
November, [the parent] asked OCR to review the academies. Each has a different
approach to teaching, ranging from strong emphasis on basics to more challenging course
work. Some parents have said a disproportionately large number of black students are
enrolled in the more basic programs." (Beaufort Gazette, 01/21/99, by Sherry
[Last known link http://www.beaufortgazette.com/localnews/story/0,1458,61002,00.html
Eight Additional Rock Hill Parents
DEFEND Race-Based School Assignments in Lawsuit (10/16/02)
on the Rock Hill Herald Story staff reporters published 10/16/02
The Herald (Rock Hill, SC)
Headline: "Parents join school district as defendants in lawsuit"
[Editor's Note: In July 2002 eight
parents sued the Rock Hill school district to stop discriminatory race-based school
assignments. [See below.] These parents are
the plaintiffs in this suit, and they are sueing for color-blind, race-neutral
school assignment policies for their children.
Eight Parents OPPOSE race-based assignments in Rock Hill, NC (below)
However, this current story, Oct. 16, 2002 discusses eight different parents who
have joined the lawsuit in order to preserve (defend) Rock Hill's race-based
school assignments. One must wonder if the NAACP, who is also defending these racial
policies, deliberately sought to confuse readers and parents by encouraging the exact
same number (eight) of supporters of discriminatory racial quotas to file a motion to
defend (preserve) Rock Hill's racial quota policies. You decide.]
The Rock Hill Herald reports the following: "A federal court judge has granted
a group of eight parents a request to join the Rock Hill school district as defendants in
a lawsuit that seeks to dismantle the district's elementary school reassignment plan.
"In August, eight [pro-quota] parents represented by the New York-based NAACP Legal
Defense and Educational Fund asked [Judge Matthew] Perry for permission to intervene in
the lawsuit, because they feel they are not adequately represented by existing
[anti-quota] parties. They say that their children benefit from the new elementary
attendance zones [which rely heavily upon racial quotas and race-based school
On October 2, 2002, U.S. District Judge Matthew Perry (U.S. District Court in Columbia)
cited the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in granting the pro-quota parents' right to
join this lawsuit as defendants (i.e., as supporters of race-based school assignments).
Additional Background: "On April 30 , [another, different] group of
eight parents [who oppose race-based school assignments] sued the school district in an
attempt to block an elementary student assignment plan on the basis that it was
unconstitutionally based on race. The suit seeks to prevent the rezoning of about 2,000
students when school began in August .
Based on the 10/16/02 Rock
Hill Herald story "Parents Join School District as Defendants in Lawsuit" by
Last Known Link: http://www.heraldonline.com/local/story/1817033p-1816398c.html
Rock Hill, SC:
Sue Over Race-Based Elementary School Assignments (07/31/02)
on the Rock Hill Herald Story by reporter Erica Pippins published 7/31/02
Deny Appeal in Rezoning Case"
"Judges for the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond, Va., decided Tuesday to
allow the Rock Hill school district to proceed with plans to reassign nearly 2,000
elementary school students [based on racial quotas and "diversity" goals] next
"Their decision denies eight parents' request to temporarily halt the district's
elementary school reassignment plan, pending trial.
Eight Parents (supported by NAACP) FIGHT FOR race-based assignments in Rock Hill, NC (above)
"Attorney Lee Parks, one of the parents' representatives, said he felt the appellate
court should deny the district's "racial formula" because new schools were not
filled by changing the racial composition of all of the schools. He said that if the
judges granted the injunction, they could send the matter back to the district court which
could then oversee that the district alleviate the "racial criteria" as soon as
"[Judge] Widener said he was concerned that the school board considered race as one
of its criteria.
"Lawyers for eight parents suing the administration over the rezoning submitted an
appeal to the circuit court after Judge Matthew Perry of the U.S. District Court in
Columbia denied their request for a temporary injunction. The parents' attorneys could not
be reached for comment Tuesday.
"The injunction request stems from a lawsuit the parents filed in opposition to the
school board's decision in November to rezone about 2,100 elementary students in August,
when the district's 15th elementary school opens at the intersection of Heckle Boulevard
and Rawlinson Road. One of the board's main objectives was to create attendance zones that
are balanced racially and according to the number of students
that receive free or reduced lunch. [Emphasis added.]
"In his July 19 ruling, Perry said that while the plaintiffs contend they are being
reassigned solely based on their race, the evidence established that the school board
tried to maintain diversity, but it was only one of the criteria that guided the
formulation of the plan.
Appellate Court Judge H. Emory Widener said: "The Fourth Circuit Court covers five
states, and numerous districts in those areas have been able to maintain it (diversity)
without explicit use of a very divisive tool [racial quotas] which invariably lands in
litigation and mounts up legal fees. There are going to be many new schools that
open within the next few weeks with uncontested student reassignment plans, and I just
don't understand why one of the most socially divisive criteria was used."
"Appellate court Chief Judge Harvie Wilkinson and Judges Robert King and H. Emory
Widener heard arguments Tuesday morning via telephone conference from attorneys who
debated whether the students were reassigned on the basis of race
versus where they live. [Emphasis
"In the order issued late Tuesday, the judges state that the case must be sent back
to the district court in Columbia for further proceedings on the merits of the
"The district court must ascertain the basis for assignment of each of the named
plaintiffs to their schools under the proposed plan, the judges wrote. "If any of the
plaintiffs were assigned to their schools under the proposed plan on an impermissible
constitutional basis, they are entitled to appropriate relief."
"... attorneys for the district, Andrew Lindemann and Ken Woodington, argued that the
plan does not create racial classifications and students were
reassigned based on where they live. [Emphasis added.]
Based on the 07/31/02 Rock
Hill Herald story "Judges Deny Appeal in Rezoning Case" by Herald reporter Erica
Last Known Link: http://www.heraldonline.com/front/story/1596099p-1623849c.html
END of South Carolina Education