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Louisiana thru North Dakota:  Reverse Discrimination and Quotas in Schools, Colleges, and Universities! (Part 2 of 3)

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Louisiana (Baton Rouge):  Parents fight desegregation orders to save schools (10/14/99 - dead link)
          "Parents in one Baton Rouge, La., neighborhood were relieved when they first learned of the opening of a charter school. But they became disheartened to learn the school, which would be 80 percent black, could run afoul of a court order for racially balanced schools.

          "'As I see it, the children should go where their parents want them to go,' said Greta Ridley, a 65-year-old retiree who is raising her grandson. The 10-year-old had repeated fourth grade at a school Ridley didn't like.

          "She felt lucky to get him into another charter school this year. But many more families are waiting, since Justice Department opposition postponed the opening of The United Charter School, scheduled to move into a vacant inner city mall this year in a predominantly black neighborhood.

          "Nationwide, decades-old desegregation decrees — meant to help families like Ridley's gain equal access to a quality education — are being targeted by poor, minority parents who see charter schools, vouchers and other education experiments as their best hope. They and other charter school advocates, tired of waiting for the progress promised by desegregation, are joining in lawsuits to end court-ordered actions pending in 20 states."   (Associated Press, via FoxNews 10/14/99 by Anjetta Mcqueen)
[former link **http://www.foxnews.com/js_index.sml?content=/news/wires2/1014/n_ap_1014_715.sml]

Louisiana (Bossier Parish):   Lousiana case could lead to ruling on minority voting powers  (10/06/99 - dead link)
          WASHINGTON (AP) -- "A dispute over how one Louisiana parish chooses its school board members could spur an important Supreme Court ruling on the federal government's power to [grant racist preferences to] minorities from election-system changes that might impede their voting clout.

          "After hearing arguments today, the justices will decide whether federal approval of such changes can be withheld even when new election district lines do not make matters worse for racial and ethnic minorities.

          "[Pro-quota, anti-white] [c]ivil rights advocates say proposed changes should be rejected if they fail, for discriminatory reasons, to better the prospects of minorities electing their favored candidates. [Notwithstanding several Supreme Court and lower court rulings that racial gerrymandering for the purpose of granting voting preference based on race or ethnicity is illegal or unconstitutional.]

          "The court's ruling in the Bossier Parish, La., case is expected by late June. The decision could clarify such federal authority in all states and counties covered by the Voting Rights Act of 1965."  (Associated Press, via Boston Globe 10/06/99 by Richard Carelli)
[former link *http://www.boston.com/dailynews/279/wash/Lousiana_case_could_lead_to_ru:.shtml ]

Louisiana (Baton Rouge):  Student Choice in Forced Busing
          They're called "M to M" transfers, for "Majority to Minority".  Students can transfer to schools that are closer to their homes, or closer to their parents' work, but only if such transfers improve the racial mix of the "transferred to" school.  The vast majority of M to M transfers are by black students, according to Doc Young, supervisor of transfers.  For the 1998 fall semester 97% of such transfers were to black students.   (The Advocate, Baton Rouge, 01-11-99, by Kristen King)
[ link http://www.theadvocate.com/news/story.asp?StoryID=4346 ]

Louisiana (Bossier Parish): Supreme Court Rebuffs Clinton Justice Department Campaign To Racially Gerrymander Local Voting Districts (05/12/97)
          Washington, D.C.-- "The Supreme Court today sharply limited the ability of the Department of Justice to coerce local governments to racially gerrymander districts. In the case of Reno v. Bossier Parish School Board, Justice O'Connor, declared that the DOJ may no longer use the pre-clearance provision of the Voting Rights Act routinely utilized by former civil rights division head Deval Patrick to force local jurisdictions to artificially maximize the number of minority districts.

          "According to today's decision, DOJ may not deny pre-clearance solely because the new voting plan fails to maximize the number of minority voting districts. Instead, the DOJ may block a proposed voting plan only if it manifests an discriminatory intent to "retrogress." In practice, this means that so long as a new districting plan maintains the existing number of minority voting districts, it will receive pre-clearance.

          "Attorney Michael Carvin of the Cooper & Carvin, who argued the case on behalf of Bossier Parish, stated, "We are gratified that the Court has effectively ended the Clinton Justice Department's efforts to force localities to racially gerrymander under the Voting Rights Act. We are confident that the District Court will promptly clarify the remaining points that must be settled on remand."

          "Michael P. McDonald, President of the Center for Individual Rights, a D.C. based public interest law firm which represented Bossier Parish, said "Today's decision in Bossier is a repudiation of the DOJ's strong-arm tactics, and demonstrates that once again the Clinton Administration's race conscious policies are out of step with the law."

          "The case arises from voting map changes in Bossier Parish, a district in northwestern Louisiana, following the 1990 census. In 1993, the Bossier Parish school board submitted a race-neutral plan, identical to one earlier approved by the DOJ. This time, DOJ denied pre-clearance on the basis of a new, alternate plan proffered by the NAACP which would have maximized the number of majority-minority districts. A three judge district court heard Bossier's appeal, and determined that its voting plan did not have a discriminatory purpose or retrogressive result, and that Bossier was thus entitled to pre-clearance for its race neutral plan under the Voting Rights Act."
[link http://www.wdn.com/cir/bosspr1.htm ]


Maryland:  News Stories (new page)


Massachusetts:  News Stories (new page)


Michigan:  News Stories (click here for Michigan Ed News)


Minnesota Education News

Minnesota (Univ. of Minn.):  U of M Defends Racial Quotas to the Death (09/09/99)
          "In a report to be released today, the Center for Equal Opportunity (CEO), a Washington, D.C., group that challenges affirmative-action policies at U.S. universities, charges that the university unfairly admits minority students at the expense of white students.

          "On the Twin Cities campus, the odds of being admitted are almost seven times more favorable for Asian students than for white students, the report says. Hispanic students are about five times and black students about three times more likely to be admitted than white students.

          "That, CEO says, is discrimination.

          "The report puts the university squarely in the middle of a national debate that has landed several universities in court and prompted voters in California and Washington state to pass ballot initiatives that ban preferential treatment based on race and other characteristics.

          "The Fifth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals' 1996 Hopwood decision involving the University of Texas Law School ruled against consideration of race in admissions at a public university.  In 1997, the University of Michigan was sued by the Center for Individual Rights, a nonprofit law group in Washington, D.C., over the use of racial preference in admissions for undergraduate programs and its law school.  The same group [CIR] has sued the University of Washington."  (Minneapolis Star Tribune 09/09/99 by Jane Smetanka)
[link http://www2.startribune.com/stOnLine/cgi-bin/article?thisStory=80907042 ]
[similar / related:  http://www.wcco.com/news/stories/news-990909-164600.html ]

Minnesota (Statewide):   Minn. Day Care Workers Receive Anti-White 'Diversity' Training (09/08/99)
          "Where would you expect to hear a statement like the following: "Race is an invented system, ... an arbitrary classification created by Europeans using themselves as the model of humanity for the purpose of establishing their power and privilege"?

          "Would it be a cultural anthropology class at an elite East Coast university?  Perhaps a rally of Louis Farrakhan's Nation of Islam?  Think again.  Welcome to "Building Cultural Connections," a curriculum for licensed child care workers brought to you by the state of Minnesota.

          "Building Cultural Connections is the state's response to a 1990 law requiring cultural dynamics training for all licensed child care workers -- from staff at large centers to moms caring for a few kids in their living rooms.  After passing the law, the Legislature handed off responsibility for designing a training curriculum to a public/ private group called the Cultural Dynamics Education Project, which spent five years in the effort. 

          "[The program dictates that] child care workers should strive to provide 'culturally appropriate care.'  In other words, they should treat children differently, based on the color of their skin or their ancestors' country of origin.  Providers' task is daunting:  to 'reflect [their charges'] home culture in such areas as nurturing and discipline approaches, the physical environment, role models and use of the home language, food, etc.'  (Imagine preparing tortillas, stir fry and peanut butter sandwiches while juggling two babies.)

          "Providers should attempt to protect minority children from the ravenous 'non-disabled European American culture.'   In many cases, this may mean promoting racial and ethnic separatism. For example, providers should consider grouping children to 'encourage the home language,' and reject the 'assumption that English is the most important language.'  Where children of color are concerned, 'the earlier [they] are exposed to mainstream culture, the more likely they are to reject their home culture . . . . When strong group identity occurs, [they] have more strength to challenge' prejudice.  (Star Tribune 09/08/99 by Katherine Kersten)
[link http://www.startribune.com/stOnLine/cgi-bin/article?thisSlug=ker08 ]

Minnesota (Statewide):   Judge OKs Replacing State Ed Quotas (03/20/99)
          "An administrative law judge granted final approval Friday to a state school desegregation plan that removes mandatory racial quotas in favor of voluntary strategies by and among local school districts.   The new rule -- crafted by the Department of Children, Families and Learning -- would apply to districts whose minority student population differs from neighboring districts by more than 20 percent.

          "Under the plan approved by Administrative Law Judge Phyllis Reha, districts would be encouraged to bring together students of different races but wouldn't be required to do so unless intentional segregation is found. In developing the proposed rule, Reha said, "the department has shown great sensitivity to the needs of students, parents and educators."  The ruling essentially gives the agency a green light. Reha's report found that the department has the authority to adopt the rules.

          As expected, the ruling is opposed by the NAACP which doesn’t want to give up racial guarantees. And Harvard’s professional "expert witness" in favor of racial quotas, Dr. Gary Orfield, also cried doom and gloom.  (Minneapolis Star Tribune, 03/20/99, by Anthony Lonetree)
[link http://www2.startribune.com/stOnLine/cgi-bin/article?thisStory=70806641 ]

Minnesota (Statewide):  Harvard Quota Supporter Tells Minnesota to Retain Racial Discrimination
          Paid "expert" Dr. Gary Orfield of Harvard University has been hired by many school systems to help support the continued use of racial quotas and racially preferential admissions policies at local schools.  Dr. Orfield's latest, racially-biased (and paid!) testimony was offered to Minnesota educators this week.  Sounding like Chicken Little, and ignoring Constitutional prohibitions against race-based admissions policies, "expert" Orfield exhorted Minnesota:  "Minnesota is on a 'trajectory trend toward very serious segregation' and shouldn't be replacing an effective, though outdated, desegregation rule with one that is basically meaningless," Orfield said Wednesday, in reference to a proposed rule that Minnesota end racially-imposed busing plans.

          "[The] proposed new rule [ending busing and giving parents and children choice in the schools they attend] leaves the state with 'a wish and a prayer and hope somebody will do something,' said Gary Orfield, director of the Harvard Project on School Desegregation, testifying at a hearing called by the Department of Children, Families and Learning. 'I can say that's not going to work.' "  Indeed, Dr. Orfield.  You cannot say that ending busing will result in "resegregation".

          "If the proposed rule is found to be sound, the department would end a 25-year-old requirement that school districts move students around for racial balance.  The current rule is outdated because changing urban populations have made it impossible for some urban districts to stay in compliance. The new rule would apply to all districts that differ by more than 20 percent from their neighboring districts in the number of minority students they serve. It encourages districts to collaborate on ways to bring students of different races together but does not require change unless intentional segregation is found."  (Star Tribune, 01/21/99, by Kim Schneider)
[link http://www2.startribune.com/cgi-bin/stOnLine/article?thisStory=65796940 ]

See Also:  Adversity.Net Special Report  The End of School Busing

See Also:  Boston Latin: About Dr. Orfield 'Expert Witness'

Minnesota (Edina):  White Suburb Does NOT Want to Bus Minorities from Minneapolis! (Dead Link)
          Minneapolis wants to create a "super agency" in order to force "white" suburban Edina to accept minorities from neighboring Minneapolis schools in a busing program that would not have passed muster even in the liberal 1970s!  Edina, Minnesota schools have lots of white students, lots of good test scores, and lots of grads who go on to college!  Small wonder that Minneapolis wants to "horn in" and bus their minorities to Edina!   (Star Tribune 10/19/98; link no longer available.)

Minnesota (Minneapolis):  NAACP Racial Quota Mongers Disrupt School Board Meeting (dead link)
          The NAACP supporters of racial-quotas in education disrupted this school board meeting in order to say that allowing parents to choose schools for their children which are closest to their homes constitutes racism!   NAACP's pro-quota supporters feel that allowing parents to send their children to a school close to their homes (which their taxes support) somehow constitutes racism.  (Star Tribune 9/30/98)
[former link *http://webserv1.startribune.com/cgi-bin/stOnLine
/article?thisSlug=BGT30&date=30-Sep-98&word=naacp]


Missouri (Jefferson City):  Legislation to curtail race-based contracts, scholarships (02/02/99) (dead link)
          "Sen. Steve Ehlmann wants to repeal laws that guarantee minorities a share of certain state contracts and scholarships.

          "A bill he sponsors would allow the state to set up race-based programs only when a recent pattern of discrimination was proven. Then, the program would be narrowly focused and would expire in two years.

          " 'This is not an attempt to change our Constitution to make affirmative action or racial preferences illegal,'   Ehlmann, R-St. Charles, said at a hearing Monday. He said the goal was to bring Missouri into line with recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions.  Ehlmann maintained that, under his bill, the state could continue "outreach" programs to recruit black students and encourage minorities to seek state work."  (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 02/02/99, by Virginia Young)
[former link *http://www.stlnet.com/postnet/news/pdtoday.nsf/News
/6EDEC913C2B71F8D8625670C0027921A?OpenDocument]

Missouri (St. Louis):  'Neighborhood Schools' does not mean segregation (02/08/99)
          "For a lesson in the changing power of words, consider the phrase 'neighborhood schools.'  In the 1980s, at the dawn of the area's school desegregation plan, those words were often considered a code for racism, used by whites to bolster the sanctity of their neighborhoods against attempts to import blacks to integrate the schools. The sharply divided city School Board was the scene of epic battles.

          "Last Tuesday, a poll asking why St. Louis voters gave overwhelming approval to the tax to fund the desegregation settlement found the biggest reason was to strengthen neighborhood schools. That reason was given by 42.4 percent of white voters, and an even greater percentage of blacks, 50.3."  (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 02/08/99, by Dale Singer)
[former link *http://www.stlnet.com/postnet/news/pdtoday.nsf/Front/
5C360852A15F09AC86256712003B22EE?OpenDocument]


Nevada (Clark County):  Magnet School Racial-Gender Quotas in Nevada
          Parent David Pancoast has filed a law suit against the school district.  His son was denied entry to the Hyde Park Middle School's math and science program because he is white and male.  School district officials lamely deny manipulation of applicant test scores in spite of the fact that magically the admissions policies have resulted in 50% boys and 50% girls being admitted to the program, in spite of wildly disparate scores between the boy applicants and the girl applicants.  (Las Vegas Review-Journal 6/25/98)


New Jersey (Englewood):  Parents Send Children to Private Schools to Avoid Reverse Discrimination
          Englewood's Dwight Morrow High School is 3% white due to previous court-ordered "integration".  Parents are taking their children out of the public schools in large numbers; school board is in conflict about the "politically correct" solution.  (Bergen Record 8/6/98)

New Jersey (Passaic):  Kindergarteners learn both English, Spanish
          New Jersey's new core curriculum standards require that all students be able to communicate in a language other than English by 2002.  The Passaic school district has started early: this year, English-speaking kindergarteners get Spanish instruction for 1/2 the day, then English instruction for the other half.  The same is true of Spanish-speaking students.   (Bergen Record 01-12-99, by Dan Kraut)
[ link http://www.bergen.com/psouth/bilingdk19990112.htm ]


New York (Brooklyn):  Nappy Hair:  Oh My! (Updated Feb. 5, 1999)
          Special Report.  How did white 3rd grade teacher Ruth Sherman become embroiled in a racial confrontation?  The book was "Nappy Hair", which has received rave reviews!  Sherman was trying to teach racial tolerance and acceptance in her Brooklyn school!  Her kids loved it.  For her trouble, Sherman received threats, profanities, and racial epithets from the Bushwick neighborhood parents.  Read the comprehensive report and news summaries.  (Adversity.Net special report and anthology, Feb. 5, 1999)
[link http://www.adversity.net/special/nappy_hair.htm ]

New York (Long Island):  NAACP Sues School for Student's Achievement (01/14/99 - dead)
          According to the Associated Press, the NAACP group's attorney says "Segregating elementary school children into three achievement categories discriminates against minorities and favors white students, a lawsuit filed against the Amityville School District alleges. Although white students represent less than 20 percent of all 1,500 first through sixth graders, they represent nearly 40 percent of those in the high-achieving classes."

          "It is our belief that they (school board members) are trying to cram as many white kids in the high-achieving classes as they can," attorneys for the NAACP group said.  The plaintiffs are the Amityville Teachers’ Association, selected parents, and the Long Island regional NAACP, who filed the suit in U.S. District Court Wed., Jan. 13, 1999.  (Boston Globe - AP, 01/14/99)
[former link *http://www.boston.com/dailynews/wirehtml/014/Discrimination_lawsuit_filed_agains.shtml]

Related:  The Amityville School Horror (01/18/99 - dead)
          Elementary schools in the Amityville district in Long Island "have long been in the academic ''basement'' among Long Island school districts, ranking 126th out 127 districts in achievement. Administrators decided they had to design a program to save the schools and the kids who attend them. The answer: proficiency tests, which allowed the district to divide students into three groups based on ability.

          "Students in the lowest-skill group were deemed at risk, and drilled intensively in reading and math. So seriously did the district take this mission that it refused to allowed the low-skill kids to participate in extracurricular activities, such as band and chorus - and gave them relatively little instruction in science and social studies.

          "Sounds pretty reasonable, doesn't it? Even responsible. Not in the Orwellian world of quota politics.

          "The NAACP sued, claiming that the ''tracking'' program was racially discriminatory. This is an exceedingly odd conclusion, given that the assignments were made by testing - the purpose of which is to allow teachers and administrators to use objective standards when deciding what to do with individual kids.  What's more, the students in the highest-achieving section were 50 percent black, 10.2 percent Hispanic and 39.8 percent white. The school district is 70 percent black."  (New York Post, 01/18/99 Editorial)
[former link *http://www.nypost.com/011899/editorial/7840.htm]

New York (Rochester):
10 Year Old Jessica Haak Denied Transfer Because She's White

[Adversity.Net Update 03/15/03] -- Rochester schools denied a transfer to little Jessica Haak because the transfer program was only for non-whites.  Jessica's parents sued for discrimination, and they won -- at first.   Rochester appealed the decision, and got the ruling against Rochester vacated.

          Jessica and her parents have since accepted a settlement from the Rochester schools, and they have moved to a friendlier, less discriminatory school district.

          Not surprisingly, at least seven Rochester teachers have also filed reverse discrimination lawsuits against the school district.

Adversity.Net Link: http://www.adversity.net/c32_jessica_haak.htm


New York (Rochester):  Judge Orders School to Accept White Girl from City (01/15/99 - dead)
          "A federal judge has ordered a suburban school district to accept a 10-year-old girl from Rochester who he said was rejected because she is white.  At issue is the Urban-Suburban Interdistrict Transfer Program that lets Rochester students attend suburban schools. But the judge ruled it may be operating unconstitutionally because it has traditionally accepted only minority city students and white suburban students.

          "Jessica Haak, 10, of Rochester had planned to start the school year at Iroquois Elementary School in the suburban West Irondequoit Central School District. She was accepted into the program, but just before school started she was told she was ineligible because she is white, according to the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle.

          "U.S. District Judge David G. Larimer's decision on the injunction indicated the urban-suburban program's policy of only accepting minority students is discriminatory.  'The basic issue before the court is whether a governmental body - a school district - can deny a child the opportunity to participate in a school-sponsored program on account of her race,'  he wrote.   'The answer must be no.' "  (Boston Globe - AP, 01/15/99)   (See also:  Boston Latin, Adversity.Net, this site.)
[former link *http://www.boston.com/dailynews/wirehtml/015/Judge_orders_suburban_school_to_acc.shtml]

New York (Schenectady):  Union College Limits Faculty Search to Blacks and Hispanics (04/16/99)
          "This year, when Union College set out to fill four new faculty posts, it kept the guest list short and select: Only black and Hispanic professors were invited to apply.

          "With that kind of approach to affirmative action, the only thing the college might be inviting is a lawsuit, some experts suggest.  But drastic times call for drastic measures, says Roger H. Hull, president of Union. The Schenectady, N.Y., college has tried for years to diversify its faculty, he says, but despite those efforts, the campus still looks almost lily-white.

          "A Schenectady talk-radio show blasted the college for its new hiring policy, broadcasting the home telephone number of the college's dean of arts and sciences so that listeners could call her to complain.

          "Despite the backlash, the searches have ardent supporters on the campus.  That's all well and good, critics say, but is a set-aside program really the best way to go about fixing things?   'We would be a better campus if we were more diverse, but you can't tell people, 'You can't apply if you're the wrong color,' says Julius Barnabel, a professor of mathematics. 'It's a basic ethical objection.'

          "Many legal experts think it's pretty shaky.  'The ability to restrict a search is very limited,' says George R. La Noue, a political scientist at the University of Maryland-Baltimore County, who follows affirmative-action issues.  'There are, at the moment, no courts that I know of that have approved this kind of a restriction. This is really a quota.' "  (Chronicle of Higher Education, 04/16/99, by Alison Schneider, Page A18)
[link http://chronicle.com/free/v45/i32/32a01801.htm ]


North Carolina:   New Location, click "North Carolina Education Reverse Discrimination"


END of Education List 2 (Louisiana thru North Dakota)


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*  We use the term reverse discrimination reluctantly and only because it is so widely understood.  In our opinion there really is only one kind of discrimination.