|More or Less
Chronologically (then by State, City):
Education: Flogging the SATs
"The annual SAT-bashing season is upon us once again, with familiar cries of
"bias" and complaints about "the national mania for testing." Some
critics demand that college admission tests be eliminated altogether and replaced by some
other arrangement, perhaps a lottery, subjective judgments by school officials, or some
sort of "representation"a modified racial quota system designed to pass
judicial review. The Department of Education weighed in with the threat of "disparate
impact" litigation if schools rely heavily on tests and don't admit significant
numbers of minority students. Some plans suggest tinkering with test results.
"The Educational Testing Service, which runs the SATs, floated a trial balloon to
grant an extra edge, like a golf handicap, to disadvantaged "strivers" who
worked hard but scored low. The most publicized of the anti-SAT suggestions comes from
journalist Nicholas Lemann, author of the impressive new history of the SATs, The Big
Lemann is an honest critic, but most of the people who lament all the virtues
and talents that testing misses aren't being candid. They want to dismantle the tests
because non-Asian minorities are not doing well on them.
"At places like the University of California-Berkeley and the University of Texas Law
School, we now know that preferential decisions weren't being made on the basis of a
candidate's background, character, independence, or moral worth. They were being made,
behind the scenes, with very little candor, on the basis of a numerical formula stacked by
race. In fact, the debate over testing is mostly a shadow debate over affirmative action.
Now that the courts are striking down racial preferences, backers of the preferences have
been driven to attack testing, along with important values like objectivity, achievement,
and merit. "Merit stands in the way of diversity, so they want to destroy it,"
said Shelby Steele, a fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution."
(U.S. News 10/25/99 edition by John Leo)
Education: "Strivers" - A VERY Bad
Idea (posted 10/14/99)
Original Reason Magazine headline: Striving for Parity: The insidious
logic behind the SAT's "striver" measure -- "For the past
couple of years, researchers at the ETS had been devising a method to predict what a
student "should" score, based on more than a dozen factors, including family
income, parental education, the socioeconomic mix of the student's high school, and, in
one version of the formula, the student's race and ethnicity.
"If the student scored at least 1,000 on the SAT and outperformed his
"predicted" score, he would be labeled a "striver"--someone who
exceeds his circumstances and, by implication, is likely to do better than his actual
record might indicate.
Conversely, the performance of students who scored well, but still within expectations,
would be discounted as simply routine. The strivers project was a combination of
well-intentioned social uplift for disadvantaged students and calculated political
strategizing aimed at evading the growing number of bans on race-based admissions at
selective public universities.
The strivers tag, as ETS researchers explained, would "overcome many of the emotional
objections to... preferences because it rewards the kind of Horatio Alger behavior that
Americans have always valued: hard work, persistence, improving one's lot in life, and
"... So what was so insidious about the strivers project? Let's leave aside
questions raised by the specifics of the moribund plan, such as whether the strivers
formula would have told colleges anything that wasn't already evident from other
application materials, or whether it's good to nudge students into schools at which
they're more likely to perform marginally. (This last point is especially germane
regarding non-Asian minority students, since their SAT scores already overpredict their
college performance.) Let's even ignore that ETS' response to persistent score
disparities on its own exam is to rerig the test, rather than to call for educational
"... Lemann is correct that the relatively wealthy try to maintain their position.
But he's dead wrong when he assumes that the "upper-middle class" and the
"people at the top of society" are a stable group. Economic mobility is the rule
and not the exception in the United States. Many--if not most--American families, even
affluent ones, can trace themselves back to relative poverty within a generation or
two." (Reason Magazine, Nov. 99 issue)
Education: U.S. Dept. of Ed. Imposes Coerced "Diversity" (06/12/99 -
(Washington Post Headline: Coerced Diversity, by Nat Hentoff
06/12/99) -- "The U.S. Department of Education has designed a way to sidestep the
growing number of federal court decisions holding that affirmative action -- as
intensively pursued by the department -- is unconstitutional.
"News of this stratagem was first reported in the authoritative weekly the Chronicle
of Higher Education: "Colleges would be in legal jeopardy if they use SAT (Scholastic
Assessment Test) or ACT (American College Testing) scores as the primary basis for
admissions and financial aid decisions, according to draft guidelines that the U.S.
Education Department's Office for Civil Rights is circulating among college
"The coercive bureaucratic device to keep in mind is "disparate impact."
The department's "Resource Guide: Non-Discrimination in High Stakes Testing"
warns: "The use of any educational test which has a significant disparate
impact on members of any particular race, national origin or sex is discriminatory, and a
violation of Title VI and/or Title IX . . . unless it is educationally necessary and there
is no practicable alternative form of assessment which meets the educational institution's
needs and would have less of a disparate impact."
"A college will have to meet the high burden of proof that it is not discriminating
when members of any of these particular groups score poorly on the SAT or the ACT.
"The U.S. Department of Education -- an ardent advocate of "diversity" --
will be the arbiter of such gossamer terms as "educationally necessary" and a
permissible "alternative." A college failing the department's diversity
test will lose federal funds and also will be subject to accusations of racism, sexism and
other biases." (Washington Post Sat., 06/12/99, page A19, by Nat Hentoff)
Testing, the Easy Target, by Abigail
Thernstrom (NY Times 06/10/99)
LEXINGTON, Mass. -- "In case you missed it, the Federal Department of Education may
have signaled the end of standardized testing, from college boards to elementary school
assessments. This certainly seems the intent of guidelines issued last month by the
department's Office of Civil Rights warning of the potentially discriminatory impact of
"high-stakes testing." If the guidelines are approved, it will be hard to
justify using tests to sort students at any age for any purpose.
"Here's the problem: At the moment, standardized tests have a disparate racial and
ethnic impact. White and Asian students score, on average, markedly higher than their
black and Hispanic peers. This is true for fourth-grade tests, college entrance exams and
every other assessment on the books. If a racial gap is evidence of discrimination, then
ALL tests discriminate."
"Re-Segregation"? Separate but equal is OK, some say (posted 06/23/99 - dead link)
Dr. Gary Orfield, Clinton's liberal pro-quota mouthpiece at Harvard, has recently released
an inflamatory, anti-white diatribe in which he plays Chicken Little "Omigod, black
kids are going to majority black neighborhood schools, and white kids are going to
majority white neighborhood schools! We must be "re-segregating"!!!
(See Also: Terms - Resegregation)
"In the 1960s, black parents demanded better educational opportunities for their
children, and many believed desegregation was the answer. In the 1990s, black parents are
still demanding a better education for their children. But today, black families are
insisting that schools in their own neighborhoods be just as good as schools in white
communities. Schools should focus on educational quality, they say, not desegregation.
"Families know all too well the pitfalls of forced busing and other tactics used to
integrate the school system. Those bitter recollections likely muted the response last
week to a Harvard University study [from Gary Orfield, Mr. Pro-Busing] warning of
[alleged] renewed and increasing segregation nationwide.
"A Herald analysis showed the trend in Broward [County] as well. But the
reports provoked little outrage. 'I don't care about the race of the school,' said
Karen Lockhart, whose two children attend 97 percent black Dillard Elementary School in
Fort Lauderdale. 'I just want the best education for my children.' "
(Miami Herald, posted 06/23/99, by Beth Reinhard)
Ed. Sec. Riley: Clinton
promotes reverse disrimination in education (05/17/99 - dead link)
WASHINGTON (AP) "The Clinton administration will propose that school districts
receiving federal funds for "poor" [mostly minority] students must ensure all
their schools have the same class-size ratios, qualified teaching staff, course offerings
and facilities, Education Secretary Richard W. Riley said Monday.
"In a speech delivered on the 45th anniversary of a landmark school desegregation
ruling, Riley said the plan among others to be announced Wednesday will
narrow gaps between the rich [presumably white] and poor [presumably minority] students.
"The proposals would impact the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, a 34-year-old
comprehensive law that governs most federal education programs for students in
kindergarten through 12th grade. Congress is expected to renew the act later this year.
Education Secretary Riley said "It is incumbent upon us to build upon the legacy of
Brown,'' referring to the 1954 Supreme Court ruling in Brown vs. Board of Education of
Topeka, Kan. The ruling ended deliberate racial division of the nation's schools.
[Editors Note: Brown is widely regarded by the judiciary -- from district courts all
the way up to the Supreme Court -- as no longer legally relevant or applicable to
educational institutitions in the 1990s.]
"On Monday, anniversary commemorations included Riley's speech at the Charles Sumner
School Museum and Archives in Washington, and the White House launch of "Winning
Together: Don't Erase the Progress,'' a civil rights campaign to bolster [reverse
discrimination-oriented, racial quota] programs on college campuses.
"Although schools with high poverty and minority student populations had made some
strides, those schools also offer fewer classes that help prepare its students for
college, Riley said." (Associated Press, via FoxNews, 05/17/99, by Anjetta
Desegregation Rulings -- History
of Racial Quotas in Education (05/15/99 - dead link)
"In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court began confronting the legality of racial segregation
in a case from Louisiana. More than half century later, the high court ended publicly
sanctioned school segregation with its ruling in Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka.
The following are some of the court's key rulings in school desegregation cases:
"1896. Plessy vs. Ferguson. Upheld 1890 Louisiana law
requiring railroads to provide ``equal but separate accommodations for the white, and
colored races.'' Sanctioned state-imposed segregation. Became key to widespread racial
segregation in public schools.
"1899. Cumming vs. Richmond County Board of Education.
Rejected bid to force Augusta, Ga., schools to close high school for whites until it
reopened black school. Sanctioned unequal treatment. First school case to reach the court.
"1927. Gong Lum vs. Rice. Allowed Mississippi district to
require a Chinese-American girl to attend a segregated black school instead of school for
"1950. McLaurin vs. Board of Regents of the University of
Oklahoma. Rebuffs rules physically segregating a black student from whites in a
graduate education program. Considered a precursor to the end of state-sanctioned
"1954. Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. After
review of cases in Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, and Virginia, unanimously declared
separating elementary and secondary students by race violates black children's
constitutional rights to equal protection of the law. Viewed as landmark ruling, making
desegregation law of the land. (A year later, court orders the districts in the original
Brown cases to compy with its ruling.)
"1958. Cooper vs. Aaron. Rejected Little Rock, Ark.,
district's bid to delay desegregation because of the upheaval surrounding the opening of
its high school the year before to a handful of black students. Hampered resistance
efforts in South.
"1964. Griffin vs. Board of Education. Ruled that
Prince Edward County, Va., one of the districts involved in Brown, was avoiding
integration by keeping its public schools closed, as it had done since 1959.
"1968. Green vs. New Kent County School Board. Declared
in a case from Virginia that districts must dismantle segregation among students and
faculty, staff, transportation and extracurricular activities. Court later used six
``Green factors'' to decide whether a district had met its desegregation obligations.
"1971. Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of
Education. Authorized mandatory busing, redrawn attendance zones, and the limited
use of quotas to be used in desegregation in this case from North Carolina.
"1991. Board of Education of Oklahoma City vs. Dowell.
Allowed the district to return to neighborhood school formula, saying that federal judges
should lift such decrees if districts have complied with them in good faith and remedied
past discrimination ``as far as practicable.'' Reaffirmed the notion that desegregation
orders were supposed to be temporary.
"1995. Missouri vs. Jenkins. Struck down magnet school
plan in Kansas City, making it harder for federal judges to order city school
desegregation plans designed to attract white students from the suburbs. (Associated
Press via Washington Post 05/15/99)
Race attitudes at colleges to
be tracked (04/18/99 - dead link)
"WASHINGTON -- For the first time, college students' opinions about race will be the
focus of a large-scale government survey under a White House directive to address hate
crimes on campuses nationwide.
"When he issued the directive at the White House earlier this month, President
Clinton described colleges as "the place where we're supposed to have the most
freedom, the place where we're supposed to be the most rational, the place where we're
supposed to think the highest thoughts with the greatest amount of space." He called
the problem of hate crimes on campus "another cruel irony."
"We have significant hate crime problems there, and we need to shine the light on
that," he said. Under the Clinton directive, the Department of Education will
survey college students about their attitudes on alcohol, drugs, crime and violence. The
survey, still in the early phases of design, represents the department's first effort to
collect data from a sample that reflects the entire college population.
"The first survey will be administered next year to more than 200,000 students,
Department of Education officials said. The students will retain their anonymity and
complete the questionnaire on a volunteer basis." (Scripps Howard News Service
April 18, 1999)
Balkanizing the U.S. Campus
(editorial posted 04/09/99 - dead link)
New York Post -- "As ancient hatreds entangle America in the Balkans, we should
consider the ongoing drive to balkanize our universities, where reckless professors
encourage students to consider themselves not as individuals but as grieving parts of ever
more numerous and smaller groups."
"What's wrong with Asian and Latino students ''rubbing elbows''? Isn't that the
point of the diversity movement? Not really. The ugly secret behind the
diversity movement is that it creates and lives on division. The point is to split
off, self-identify, complain, covet and make demands. And, since campuses
(especially urban ones) are generally cramped, the result is bitter grabs for academic
turf and funding - ivory-tower equivalents of holy land and brute power." (NY
Post Online by Marc Berley)
Desperately Seeking Diversity
(03/28/99 - no link)
"Orwell warned that political language is designed to make lies sound truthful.
Doublespeak permeates the debate over affirmative action in higher education.
"In the heavy lifting required to conceal the trade-off between "diversity"
and "excellence," academic officials abandoned the ordinary meanings of words
like preference, objective, and fair. When the passage of Proposition 209 in California
forced a grudging return to a world in which up is up and down is down, civil rights
organizations naturally filed a lawsuit claiming that new admissions procedures based on
"equal treatment" are, instead, "discriminatory."
"In fact, the clear evidence is that the demise of ethnic preferences has ushered in
a fairer and educationally sounder selection process. Instead of welcoming this, top
University of California administrators express frustration and disappointment and openly
yearn for a return to the past. With the Democrats back in power in Sacramento, an intact
affirmative action bureaucracy and stacked faculty committees are intensifying the
desperate search for more "diversity" -- of color, not thought. One new proposal
is to allow applicants to take one SAT test in a foreign language." (Sacramento
Bee, 03/28/99, by Jack Citrin)
An End to Racial Preferences
(03/27/99 - no link)
"Night is coming for racial preference in admissions to colleges and universities.
Also affected are elite public high schools and magnet schools.
"Already, two states, California and Washington, have ended -- by ballot initiatives
-- the consideration of race in admissions. And as a result of a 5th Circuit Court of
Appeals decision (the Hopwood case), race as a factor in college admissions also has ended
in Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi.
"The 1st Circuit Court of Appeals (Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire,
Puerto Rico) has ruled that a racial preference system for the prestigious Boston Latin
School is unconstitutional. The Boston School Committee has been persuaded by the NAACP
and the U.S. Department of Education not to appeal to the Supreme Court for fear of
another defeat for this form of affirmative action.
"Recently, a federal district judge in the 11th Circuit has ruled -- as the Chronicle
of Higher Education reports -- that 'the University of Georgia used an
unconstitutional admissions policy from 1990 to 1995 that gave preference to black
"Ward Connerly, instrumental in California's ending of racial preference in college
admissions, has begun a Florida campaign to get a similar initiative on the ballot in next
year's general election. Gov. Jeb Bush calls him "divisive," but Connerly again
is going directly to the electorate to get 453,073 signatures for a place on the ballot.
The wind is blowing his way." (Washington Post, 03/27/99, Page A19, by Nat
NCAA Academic Standards Cause "Disparate
impact?" (Updated 6/19/00)
ADVERSITY.NET SPECIAL: The Clinton
Department of Education is intent upon eliminating the National Collegiate Athletic
Association's use of grades and test scores to determine player eligibility.
March 1999: U.S. District Judge
Buckwalter issues a ruling saying essentially "black athletes can't make it if we
allow academic standards."
December 1999: Buckwalter's ruling
is overturned, and NCAA academic standards are re-instated.
May 2000: U.S. Department of
Education issues new federal rules making NCAA responsible for "disparate impact
discrimination" if NCAA, or any other eduational organization, dares to continue to
use test scores as admission criteria.
See Adversity.Net's Special Collection: NCAA and Disparate Impact (updated
06/19/00). Includes complete text of Judge Buckwalter's original ruling; many news
stories and links; and a complete chart showing NCAA test score requirements which are
alleged to cause "disparate impact".
Civil Rights Leaders Want Schools
Improved before Testing Minority Children (03/22/99 - dead link)
"Minority children, who often attend poor or struggling schools, could suffer under
new efforts to make schools more accountable for their students' performance, some civil
rights leaders say. President Clinton's education proposals, which include tying a child's
promotion or graduation to rigorous testing, should include plans to fix city schools and
provide better teachers there, said Hugh B. Price, National Urban League president. The
civil rights organization has called for an academic bill of rights that would require
school districts to prove they are giving minority children an equal education before
adopting such test-based promotion plans." (AP, 03/22/99, by Anjetta McQueen)
(Wisconsin, Milwaukee): Bill
would make schools drop discriminatory mascots (03/18/99 - dead link)
"Schools judged to have discriminatory mascots, nicknames or logos would be forced to
abandon them or face substantial fines under a proposal made Wednesday by Rep. Frank Boyle
"During a Capitol news conference, Boyle listed 40 school districts -- including the
Mukwonago School District -- that he said had discriminatory American Indian logos,
mascots or nicknames.
"Rep. Steve Nass (R-Whitewater), who represents Mukwonago and Milton, which also was
on Boyle's list, immediately denounced Boyle's proposal.
"This bill would make political correctness the new standard for
discrimination," Nass said. Nass said that at his news conference Boyle had labeled
the use of American Indian mascots, nicknames and logos as "ignorant." He
demanded that Boyle apologize.
"The people of Mukwonago and Milton are hard-working, decent people and are certainly
not ignorant or racist," Nass said in a statement sent to Boyle.
"Under Boyle's proposed legislation, a resident of a school district could file a
complaint with the state objecting to the district's use of a nickname, mascot or logo.
The state superintendent of schools then would be required to hold a hearing on the
"The burden for proving that a district's nickname, mascot or logo was not
discriminatory and did not promote pupil harassment or stereotyping would fall to the
school board. Under current law, a resident of a school district may file a
complaint with the state Department of Public Instruction charging that a mascot, nickname
or logo is discriminatory. DPI conducts an investigation and makes a
decision." (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 03/18/99, by Amy Rinard and Betsy
Over Represenation of Jewish
and Asian Students in Ivy League (02/22/99)
"If the Ivy League had a mantra, it would be diversity. For 20 years it has sustained
rhetorical and legal efforts to increase the representation of blacks and Hispanics at
America's most prestigious institutions of higher education.
"But hidden in plain sight in Harvard Yard, and at elite campuses across the country,
is a dilemma of diversity that may test that mantra in complex and confounding ways: the
overrepresentation of Asian and Jewish students and the underrepresentation of the white,
non-Jewish majority, especially such white ethnics as Italian-Americans and religious
groups as Southern Baptists and other evangelicals.
"It is a touchy subject, largely unexplored and undebated, if it is noticed at all.
But with America's Asian population growing, and the admissions decisions of the nation's
most selective universities ever more in the cross hairs of lawsuits and public debate, it
won't go away.
"Right now at America's most elite school, Harvard, an estimated 20 percent of
undergraduate students are Jewish, and almost the same percentage are Asian. Together,
Jews, only 2 percent of the U.S. population, and Asians, only 3 percent, comprise nearly
40 percent of Harvard College enrollment. That is about the same as the percentage of
Harvard students who are non-Jewish whites, a group that makes up more than 70 percent of
the U.S. population." (Associated Press, via Newhouse News Service, 02/22/99,
by Jonathan Tilove)
sports teams with Indian names really a federal civil rights crime? (02/19/99)
WASHINGTON, DC -- "Warning: Naming your high school sports team the
"Warriors" is now a federal crime. That's what the Department of Justice
seems to think: It's launched an investigation into whether a small North Carolina high
school has violated the civil rights of its Native American students because its sports
teams have Indian-themed names.
"But the Libertarian Party says the investigation demonstrates how preposterous civil
rights laws have become, and proves that Department of Justice bureaucrats are completely
out of control.
"Civil rights allegations have become a modern-day witch-hunt -- if saying so isn't a
crime against our wiccan friends," said Steve Dasbach, the national director of the
party. "What this case shows is that the Department of Justice has become a bigger
threat to our civil liberties than any high school sports team is to our civil
"What put the Department of Justice on its current warpath? The mother of one
Native American student at Erwin High School in Asheville, North Carolina wrote to federal
bureaucrats, complaining that her son was "deeply offended" because school teams
were named the Warriors and the Squaws.
"The Department of Justice jumped on the case, sending a detailed list of questions
to the school administration about whether a "racially hostile environment" had
been created for the 1% of students who are Native American. (Libertarian Party, contact
George Getz, Press Secretary Phone: (202) 333-0008 Ext. 222 E-Mail: 76214.3676@Compuserve.com)
drive against affirmative action (01/25/99)
"On 15 campuses across the country, students will open
their college newspapers Tuesday to a full-page advertisement with the headline 'Guilty
by Admission' and, in bold print, 'Nearly Every Elite College in America Violates
the Law. Does Yours?' "
"The advertisement, which condemns 'the lingering presence of unlawful racial
preferences' and urges students to download or send away for a free handbook on how to
tell whether their college is breaking the law on race and admissions, is part of a new
campaign by the Center for Individual Rights, a conservative public-policy law firm in
"The student handbook includes sections on how to use freedom of information laws,
what kinds of data to request from the university, what disparities to note and how to
find a lawyer and bring a lawsuit.
"The campaign, to be announced Tuesday at a Washington news conference featuring
former Education Secretary William Bennett and the commentator Nat Hentoff, asserts that
most colleges that engage in race-conscious admissions do so in a way that violates the
law." (Associated Press, via the Star Telegram, 01/25/99, by Ethan Bronner)
Title I: Gap between Rich
and Poor Schools Remains Wide
"The federal government's largest education initiative, despite spending $118 billion
over the past three decades, has been unable to meet its goal of narrowing the achievement
gap between rich and poor students, interviews and documents show.
"Title I, which started with idealistic fervor in the 1960s' War on Poverty, provides
$7.4 billion each year to help one of every five pupils in the nation's public schools.
"Recent evaluations by the U.S. Department of Education found that the extra
computers, tutoring and more than 132,000 classroom positions paid for by the massive
investment have been 'insufficient to close the gap' in reading and math performance
between poor students and their more affluent peers.
"The program has been 'a failure up to now,' said Maris Vinovskis, a University of
Michigan education expert who has reviewed independent studies assessing the effectiveness
of Title I. 'The real losers in this are not just the taxpayers (but) the kids. . . . We
haven't been able to deliver.' " (Seattle Times, 01-17-99, by Ralph Frammolino of the
[ link http://www.seattletimes.com/news/education/html98/educ_011799.html
for Medical Schools
"An Associated Press report in the Dec. 10 Star urging greater diversity in medicine
was reinforced by a companion article from The Boston Globe noting the decline in
applications to medical schools, especially among women and minorities. The Globe article
further noted that with the termination of affirmative action programs, there would likely
be further decline in minority applicants." (Kansas City Star, 12-29-98, by
Morton C. Creditor and Una K. Creditor)
[ link http://www.kcstar.com:80/item/pages/opinion.pat,opinion/30daa0d6.c28,.html
U.S. Department of Education: Patrolling the Crossroads of Schools, Discrimination (dead link)
Education Dept. Civil Rights Chief Stands in Political Hot Spot. "As head of
the Education Department's Office for Civil Rights, Norma V. Cantu fills a role that could
be viewed as essential and exalted only if one were to listen to the reverential rhetoric
that often accompanies both education and civil rights issues. But Cantu's tenure has
proven once again that rhetoric and reality often have little in common. ... Cantu has
been the frequent target of harsh criticism as she has attempted to patrol the politically
treacherous territory of race and education." Clint Bolick, litigation director
of the Institute for Justice, "labeled Cantu a 'quota-queen' for ... her propensity
to mistake the presence of racial disparities for the presence of racial
discrimination" (Washington Post, 12-28-98, by Michael A .Fletcher. Story
appeared on Page A23)
Defense of Quotas in Education
The book "Shape of the River" is the latest, flawed defense of racial
preferences in college admissions. The book is by former Princeton and Harvard presidents
William G. Bowen and Derek Bok. Few reviewers, however, have actually subjected the
book's claims or methodology to serious, critical examination. This Policy Brief by the
Center for Equal Opportunity is an attempt to provide that missing critical analysis.
(Center for Equal Opportunity)
"Diversity" A Smoke Screen For Racial Quotas?
A"Judges are reportedly taking an increasingly dim view of the argument that the goal
of diversity in schools justifies the use of preferential quotas." Thumbnail
review of several recent anti-quota court rulings. (National Center for Policy
How Boys Lost Out to Girl Power
(Also See U of
Georgia.) "No one's
calling for affirmative action for boys just yet. But given the fact that girls are
becoming an every larger majority at most American colleges, many educators are beginning
to think that boys should get more attention." (New York Times Dec. 12, 1998.)
Affirmative Action Debate Moves to Public Schools
An excellent overview of the impact of recent court decisions banning "race-based
admissions" in public high schools and grade schools. Arlington, VA
kindergarten; Boston Latin School; Montgomery County, MD. Almost 50 yrs. after the
landmark "Brown vs. Board of Education" decision, public schools must now cope
with a long-overdue end to forced racial admissions. (The Topeka Capital-Journal
11/29/98) (Also published in the New York
|Related / Alternate: Affirmative Action Debate Moves to Public Schools (11/29/98 - no
This article is an excellent NY Times summary of Boston Latin, Arlington, VA and other
grade schools and high schools whose racial quota admissions policies have been challenged
"In Arlington, Va., when Lara
Tito, a white preschooler, did not get into the kindergarten at a popular alternative
school, her parents joined with two other families and sued the district, challenging an
admission system that set aside half of the 46 slots for members of minorities.
"In Boston, the parents of Sarah Wessman, a white student rejected from the
competitive Boston Latin School when several minority students with lower test scores were
admitted, also went to court. Last week, the parents won a ruling giving their daughter a
place and striking down the racial preferences.
"In Montgomery County, Md., a suburban Washington area known for the success of the
voluntary desegregation policy it adopted in 1975, school officials face two lawsuits, one
challenging the admissions policy for a program for gifted students, the other challenging
the rules that stop children from transferring from a school if the departure will hurt
the school's racial balance.
"With these cases and others across the country, the longstanding debate over
affirmative action in education, for years centered on universities and professional
schools, is shifting down to public school districts, where an increasing number of
parents -- mostly white -- are complaining about policies they say are unfair to their
children." (NY Times, 11/29/98, by Tamar Lewin)
Bi-Lingual Education: Center for Equal Opportunity
The Center for Equal Opportunity
fights against racial preferences and reverse discrimination in education. Has your
child been forced to attend an inappropriate bi-lingual education program at
Immigrants Want Schools to Teach
U.S. Values (dead link)
"Even in this age of political scandal and cynicism, immigrants to this country
expect public schools to teach their children what it means to be an American, according
to a study conducted by the nonpartisan, nonprofit Public Agenda. The survey found that
these parents would prefer to see traditional ideals and stories used to teach children
the rights and responsibilities of citizenship than have them focus on instilling pride in
ethnicity." (LA Times 12-30-98, by Louis Shagun)
Some Minorities Are More Minor than Others
20% of Harvard undergrads are Asian but only 2 - 3% of the general population is.
Jews comprise 25% - 30% of Harvard students, but only 2% - 3% of the general population is
Jewish. This doesn't leave much room for other 'minorities', much less European
Americans. The ethnic statistics at Yale, Princeton, Stanford, Berkley and others
are similar. Does this mean Affirmative Action at these schools should actually reduce
the number of Asian or Jewish students to make their numbers 'more reflective of the
general population'? Now THAT would be a controversial program! (Appeared in the
Wall Street Journal Mon., 11-16-98)
[ link http://www.onenation.org/1198/111698b.html
END of General News - Racial Quotas in Education