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(2) Florida thru Kansas: City Contractors suffer reverse discrimination due to racial set-asides and racial quotas!

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(2) Florida thru Kansas
City-Local Contractors, Employees, and
Racial Set-Asides

Last Updated
January 06, 2004

BACK:  City Set-Asides MAIN Index.
Of Special Interest:

Georgia (Fulton County, Atlanta):  The white, male-owned landscaping company, Webster Green Thumb, defeats Fulton County racial quotas!   Link (page):  Green Thumb victorious against quotas.

Georgia (City of Atlanta): Atlanta's black, anti-white mayor threatens non-profit Southeastern Legal Foundation and uses racial slurs.  Link (page):  Atlanta's Mayor Campbell borrows tactics from KKK.

By State and City:

Minority Firms Banned From Contracts In Florida County Under Court Order

          [] -- "Minority- and women-owned businesses have been prevented from receiving [race-based preferential] contracts from Miami-Dade County, Fla. because of a court-ordered freeze on a [race-based] set-aside program.

          "A group of white firms won injunctive relief in October after they alleged in U.S. District Court that the set-aside program, which requires a fixed percentage of the county's architectural and engineering contracts go to minorities and women, violated the U.S. Constitution. The injunction prevents the county from allocating contracts based on race or gender, said Robert Cuevas, assistant county attorney.

          "As a result, nine companies that applied for contracts under the minority set-aside program have been disqualified for consideration, he said.

          "Set-aside laws in Detroit, New York, Philadelphia and Denver have been struck down by courts or abandoned in recent years.

          A spokesman from the Albany, NY EEOC office said "It's generally understood that if the [racial quota] program's not there, then the numbers [of preferred racial contractors] go down.  Getting rid of the [race-based] programs will mean less participation of women and minorities in construction [based on elimination of racial quotas]," as quoted by

(Based on the story by Candice Choi published on 12/20/00)

[Last Known Link ]

Florida (Orlando):
Minority Quota Group Awards Public Transportation Agency for Using Racial Quotas (10/12/99)

          [The APTA -- American Public Transit Association -- was formed to promote racially discriminatory quotas and preferences which favor any transit employee who is not white.  Today this racially biased group met in Orlando to award what we consider to be "The Racial Quota Organization of the Year" honor to the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) for that organization's extraordinarily racist and shameless "hiring and promotion of persons of color" instead of more highly-qualified European Americans.   Read it and weep if you believe in color-blind policies.  Editor]

          "The American Public Transit Association (APTA) honored the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) with the Minority and Women Advancement Award.  The award was presented in a ceremony today during APTA's 1999 Annual Meeting and Expo here.

          "This celebrated award is presented to an APTA member for meritorious [race-based] accomplishments in employment, promotion and training of minorities and women in professional and management positions within its transit system.

          "Since its inception in 1971, MARTA has developed a workforce that reflects its commitment to diversity.  In 1999, women accounted for 32 percent of all promotions, a 28 percent increase since 1996.

          "The rate of minority promotion also increased from 64 percent to 81 percent. These significant strides demonstrate MARTA's commitment to employee development regardless of race, gender or national origin."  [Wait a minute!  Doesn't their stated policy of artificially increasing employment of the "right" races contradict the last statement "...regardless of race, gender or national origin."  Who do they think they are kidding?  Editor]

          "This reality of diversity has made MARTA one of the top employers in Atlanta and now one of the many transit authorities recognized for its pledge to diversity.  'MARTA has demonstrated its commitment to utilizing the talents of dedicated, well-trained, professional employees without differentiation of race or gender.  I am proud to recognize their outstanding efforts in making MARTA -- and the transit industry --  an avenue of personal and professional growth for deserving individuals,' stated William W. Millar, president of APTA." 

(U.S. News Wire 10/12/99 by Amy Coggin of the [quota-oriented] APTA)

[Last Known Link:   **]

Florida (Tampa):
City Ordinance Favors Minority Businesses (01/08/99)

          "Tampa first passed the Women and Minority Business Enterprises ordinance in the 1980s, after a study found a pattern of (alleged) discriminatory hiring against women and minorities.

          "(Today) Contractors hired by the city are required to have a certain percentage of women and minorities on staff if they employ more than 15 people and are seeking a contract of more than $10,000. If the contract is worth more than $50,000, the ordinance requires all businesses to comply, regardless of size.

          "In the case of construction contracts, 10 percent of the employees or subcontractors on a project must be black, 9 percent must be Hispanic and 6 percent must be women.  For professional services such as legal work, the numbers drop to 3 percent black, 7 percent Hispanic and 4 percent women."  (Associated Press, 01-08-99)
[Last Known Link:   **]

Florida (Miami-Dade County):
White Miami-Dade Engineering Firm Sues for Reverse Discrimination (10/04/98)

          Black, Hispanic, and women architects are the preferred "minorities" in this Florida county.  Two "non-minority" firms, Hershell Gill Consulting Engineers, and Brill and Rodriguez, Inc. sued the county on Fri., Oct. 2, 1998 for reverse discrimination.  It seems the county thinks these firms are "too white" to bid on county business!   For example, in 1996-1997, the County's racial-quota contracting system excluded "white firms" from over $76 million in contracts.  Doesn't the Constitution preclude this kind of racist behavior?  (Miami Herald 10/4/98; link no longer available.)

Florida (Orange County):
County to Debate Minority Contracts (10/04/98)

          Current racial contracting requires this county to pay $5,600 more for toilet paper to a minority firm than they would to a non-minority firm.  Council to debate curtailing their racial contracting.

(Orlando Sentinel 10/4/98)

[Last Known Link:  **]


Georgia (Atlanta and Fulton County):
Feds Investigate Atlanta Racial Set-Aside Corruption (08/31/00)

[Adversity.Net Special Report]

          Atlanta's black activist mayor, Bill Campbell, is watching his corrupt racial mafiosi resign and plead guilty to numerous federal charges of corruption, bribery, payoffs, operating fake minority "pass-through" firms, and other charges.

          The FBI and the U.S. Attorney's office have subpoenaed truckloads of documents from Atlanta and Fulton County regarding Georgia's corrupt, racially-exclusive minority patronage system.  Non-minority contractors and white-owned firms may some day be able to compete fairly in Atlanta following the federal investigation.

[See Details at Adversity.Net Local Link:]

Georgia (Fulton county):
U.S. Supreme Court Let's Green Thumb Ruling Stand

High Court refuses to overturn lower court ruling against Georgia contracting quotas

WASHINGTON (AP) — "The Supreme Court stayed out of a dispute over a Georgia county's former affirmative action program for awarding county contracts.

          "The court, without comment Monday, turned down Fulton County's argument that a lower court went too far in issuing a permanent ban on the use of racial, ethnic or gender goals."

          Fulton County's quota program set annual "goals" for awarding county contracts to businesses owned by blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans and women -- and thereby specifically excluded white, male-owned businesses from the same contracting opportunities.

          "The Webster Green Thumb Co., a landscaping and tree removal service, challenged the program in federal court, saying it discriminated by favoring minorities and women.

          "After a trial in 1999, a federal judge in Atlanta issued a permanent order banning Fulton County from using racial, ethnic or gender goals in accepting or rejecting contract bids.  The judge said there was no evidence that the county had significantly discriminated against minority-owned businesses ... The 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the ruling [against Fulton County quotas and set-asides in July 2000]."

           On Monday, Mar. 26, 2001, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal filed by Fulton County's lawyers arguing to allow certain racial quota programs to continue.  The county's lawyers unsuccessfully argued before the High Court that the lower court judge "went too far by issuing a permanent order instead of barring enforcement of the program in effect at the time."   

          According to the Associated Press, "Green Thumb's lawyers said the county had committed acts of race and gender discrimination beyond the program itself, and that the judge decided such acts would continue indefinitely unless banned by the court."

          The case is Fulton County v. Webster, 00-1174.

(From the AP story by Laurie Asseo, via FoxNews)

[Last known link: ]

Georgia (Fulton county):
Court Upholds Set-Aside Ban

Appeals panel agrees Fulton County affirmative action policy was illegal.

          "Fulton County's minority set-aside program has lost another round in court.

          "The 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled Wednesday that U.S. District Court Judge Tom Thrash was correct in June 1999 when he struck down a Fulton County program that reserves some county work for firms owned by women and minorities.

          "This should send a very big red flag to anyone in charge of an affirmative action program," said the plaintiffs' lawyer, Mason Barge of Atlanta.

          "The decision upholds a 55-page decision that "permanently enjoined (Fulton County) from using racial, ethnic or gender participation goals in accepting or rejecting bids, determining whether bidders are responsive and responsible bidders and in the awarding of Fulton County contracts."

          At least one official is ready to accept the decision and get on with business.  "We need to abandon the appeals and get on with business," said County Commissioner Tom Lowe. "There's no sense taking this on to the U.S. Supreme Court."

          The suit was filed by the non-minority owner of the Webster Green Thumb company in 1996.  Owner Daniel Webster's legal complaint stemmed from the county's use of race and gender set-asides to refuse to award his firm a contract for tree-cutting services.  The county instead gave the contract to a black-owned firm which the county readily acknowledged submitted a bid which was 50% higher than Webster's, whose safety record was not as good, and whose experience was much less than Webster's.

          "To have its program upheld, Fulton had to prove during a two-week trial last year that it had systematically discriminated against women and minorities in the past. In his ruling, Thrash concluded there was no evidence of such discrimination."

          The June 1999 ruling by Judge Thrash against the county's set-aside program inspired the Southeastern Legal Foundation to file a similar suit against the City of Atlanta seeking to strike down their racial and gender set-aside programs.  [See related:   "Atlanta Mayor vows Fight to the Death"]

          The economic studies used by Fulton County in its failed attempt to justify the set-aside program are the same studies used by the City of Atlanta.  This decision could bolster Southeastern's lawsuit against Atlanta.  (Based on The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 07/20/00, by D.L. Bennett, and on New York Times 07/20/00)

[Atlanta Journal-Constitution story, last known link: ]
[New York Times story, last known link: ]

Fulton County Set-Asides -- Older Stories & Background:

Georgia (Fulton County):
Fulton project reverse bias trial ready (05/11/99)

          "Opening arguments are expected today in a case that could kill a Fulton County program that reserves some county work for businesses owned by women and minorities.

          "If a federal judge agrees that the plaintiff, who is white, was the victim of reverse discrimination when the county awarded more work to a black contractor, Fulton's set-aside rules could be struck down or weakened significantly.

          "U.S. District Court Judge Tom Thrash is scheduled to hear the case, which could last up to three weeks.  The central question in the case is whether Fulton's program, known as the Minority/Female Business Enterprise Plan, is legal, said Mason Barge, the attorney for the plaintiff.

          "Daniel Webster, owner of The Webster Green Thumb Co. in Newnan, filed the lawsuit in 1996 after county administrators declined to award a tree-cutting contract to his firm.

          "Webster's court filings allege that a project on Mount Paran Road was awarded in 1995 to Ben's Landscaping even though the county had decided that the firm, which was owned by a black man, was not as "qualified nor as safe as Green Thumb and its bid was 50 percent higher."

          "The next year, Webster's annual contract, which had been capped at $66,000, was lowered to $45,500, said Barge, his attorney.  At the same time, the county increased the amount of work for Ben's Landscaping. Officials were unable to say how much additional work the company received, however."

(Atlanta Journal Constitution 015/11/99 by Alfred Charles)

[Last Known Link ]

Georgia (Athens):
Athens' Racial Contracting Quotas Under Fire (11/19/97)

          Atlanta attorney Robert Proctor has promised to sue the Athens/Clarke government every six months, or as long as it takes, to end unconstitutional racist contracting polices which exclude whites or "non-minorities".  Attorney Proctor says that Athens' racist contracting policies run afoul of federal law.  He plans to help dismantle these racially based contracting set-asides. 

(From the article in Flagpole Magazine Online 11/19/97)

[Last Known Link:   ]

Blacks in Atlanta react angrily to affirmative action challenge (Ongoing)

          Atlanta Mayor Campbell has whipped the minority special interests into a frenzy over a lawsuit seeking to end the city's racial quotas and set-aside programs.  Campbell has repeatedly used racial slurs against the Southeastern Legal Foundation and against its president, Matt Glavin, and has vowed "a fight to the death" to preserve the city's racial preferences programs.

          Southeastern's suit was filed during the summer of 1999 inspired in part by successful challenge to Fulton County's racial set-aside program (See Daniel Webster and Green Thumb Landscaping, above).  In the Webster lawsuit, U.S. District Court Judge Tom Thrash ruled the County's set-asides illegal.  His decision in Webster was unanimously upheld on July 19, 2000 by the entire 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

DETAILS at link:

RELATED / Ongoing:  Atlanta's Mayor Campbell vs. Non-Minorities
Link has moved:


Illinois City Contracting and Set-Asides has moved to a new address:


Kansas (Wichita):
How to Split $4 million in Minority Loans!  (02/03/99)

          "Wichita is one of 23 cities awarded $4 million in federal money for low-interest loans to minority and small businesses.  The money, which Vice President Al Gore awarded to Wichita in November, will provide low-interest loans to minority and small businesses that cannot qualify for loans under current financing techniques."  Al Gore hopes such race- and gender-based programs will win him the presidency in 2000.

          Seeking to ride Al Gore's political coattails, Wichita Mayor Bob Knight praised the race- and gender-based federal loan program and, according to the Wichita Eagle, called it "a tremendous opportunity" for the non-white, non-male community.

          Under the program, loans for minorities and women-owned businesses will be available at much lower interest rates than conventional loans: 8.125 percent, compared to the 10.75 percent that would be offered now to small firms owned by white males that apply for a loan through the Small Business Administration, according to Tom Smith, the city's grants-in-aid coordinator. 

(Based on the Wichita Eagle story 02/03/99 by Lori Lessner)

[Last Known Link:   **]

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*  We use the term reverse discrimination reluctantly and only because it is so widely understood.  In our opinion there really is only one kind of discrimination.